James Cuddy of York County, Pennsylvania and Washington County, Virginia

Revolutionary War Artificer

In Preston Summers compilation of Revolutionary War soldiers from Washington County, Virginia, 1776-1783 a James and John Cuddy were listed (1). No further information was given. Since there were Cody families nearby in Surry County, North Carolina, and in Montgomery County, Virginia, further investigation is warranted on James and John.

James Cuddy applied for a Revolutionary War pension (2). He and his family stated that James (born c1744- died 9 January 1839) emigrated from Ireland to Philadelphia in 1774. He served during the war as an artificer, a munitions maker, for the Patriots. He worked in Pennsylvania, Virginia and South Carolina. A son, not named was mentioned, along with wife Alcey Dunlap and daughter Jane. Alcey and James were married in Stokes County, North Carolina.

Below are transcriptions from his pension application:

State of Virginia )
Washington County)

On this twenty sixth day of June 1835 personally appeared before the court aforesaid James Cuddy a resident of said county, eighty-one years of age the fifteenth day of this month, who being duly sworn in open court...That the said James Cuddy states that he is a native of Ireland and came to the United States in August 1774 landed at Philadelphia and settled in York County in the State of Pennsylvania...In the early part of the year 1777 he volunteered and went into service as a militia man and it having been ascertained that he had been employed as a founder at iron works in Ireland, he was immediately sent to Pine Grove furnace, ten miles from Carlisle in the State aforesaid on a mountain creek belonging to Colo. Thornburgh and employed there as an artificer in casting cannon bombs, balls, etc. for the United States Army- all the same time William Fattis and Stephen Carr, Englishman by birth and James Calhoon an Irishman were selected and sent with him...he was removed to Hughes Furnace in Maryland...from there he was taken to Hills Works on Catawba in South Carolina...until the British burnt down the works a short time before the battle of Kings Mountain.

James (his X mark) Cuddy

Where and in what year were you born? I was born in Ireland. I can not tell the year but I was twenty years old when I came to America

Where were you living... When I was called into service or volunteered, I was as I have before stated, living in York County, Pennsylvania- After I was discharged from the service I came to Virginia and being a founder worked at several furnaces- I first went to Harvey's works in Botetourt County. Then I came to this part of the country and was employed for some time at Colo. James Kings works in Sullivan County, Tennessee about fifteen or eighteen miles from here. Then I went to Speedwell iron works in Wythe County in this State from there to Poplar Camp in same county and then I came to the north fork in this county where I now live..I know I lived upwards of twenty years at Poplar Camp and I have been living seven or eight years where I now reside.

State names of persons in your neighborhood and who can testify to your character.  Colo. Thomas McCulloch, Robert McCulloch, esq, Mr. Michael Fleenor, Major Abram Mingle and Abram Nordyke, esq

No. 14995 Alcey Cuddy, widow of James Cuddy
John W. Stevens, Abingdon, Virginia
Alcey Cuddy Declaration

The declaration of Alcey Cuddy, widow of James, a Revolutionary soldier from the State of North Carolina, who died in the county of Washington on the 9th day of January 1839...

State of Virginia )
County of Washington )

On this 20th day of July 1753 personally appeared before me a justice of the peace Alcey Cuddy a resident of the county aforesaid aged 85 yars of age being duly sworn...That her husband James Cuddy enlisted in the continental line during the war in the state of North Carolina, under what officer she does not know. That the said James Cuddy served in the Arme as a soldier one year, at the end of which time he was taken from the line and put into what was called the "pot house" to making or casting shells and balls and that he did so continue in the service of the United States for the term of seven years, that she has heard her husband speak of James Cohoon who served with him and that after peace was made he received an honorable discharge which is lost. That he died in the County of Washington state aforesaid, on the 9th day of January 1839. That her husband James Cuddy never applied for a pension but had intended to do so. That she was married to her husband James Cuddy in the County of Stokes State of North Carolina in the year 1785 that her maiden name was Alcey Dunlap that she was married by a justice of the peace named James Davis and that James and William Davis and Jane Covington were present at her marriage and the name of the Clerk of the County Court of Stokes County who issued the license was Hugh Martin...

Alcey (her + mark) Cuddy
Sworn to and subscribed the day and year above written
Benjamin Reid, J. P.
She says she may be mistaken in the place of enlistment She having married in North Carolina, supposed he there enlisted, that her husband was an Irishman and came to the United States before commencement of the war
Benjamin Reid, J. P.

Jacob Lynch, C.C.
Washington Co.

State of Virginia )
County of Washington )

On this day personally appearing before me...Jane Cuddy...the daughter of James and Alcey Cuddy of the county aforesaid- that she is from fifty to sixty years of age she believes- she has no exact knowledge of her age- that when a girl some ten or twelve years of age she got hold of a bundle of papers belonging to her father and tore up many of them not knowing their value and one piece in particular was thicker and stiffer than the others, and printed, which her Father said was his discharge from the Revolutionary army and the reason why she remembers that particular paper more than the others is the severe correction her Father gave her for destroying it. That she has often heard her Father the said James Cuddy say he was seven years in the service the greater part of the time he was employed in making shot at a place she thinks called Pine Grove furnace in the State of Pennsylvania. That if her Father was now living he would now be near one hundred and ten years of age.

Jane (her X mark) Cuddy
At court held and continued on the 28th day of July 1853.
Jacob Lynch, C.C.

References Cited

1. Summers, P. L (1903) History Of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County,  1777-1870, J. L. Hill Printing Company, Richmond, VA, p. 857

2. Revolutionary War Service Pension Application R2559 for James Cuddy.

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