Pierce Cody Family of Old Rowan County, North Carolina


 Early Records of Cody, Ridge & Boucher Families in North Carolina


Thomas Cody, son of Pierce Cody, left Lunenburg County, Virginia after 1750, the last year that extant tax records show him present in Virginia. Pierce and Godfrey remained in Lunenburg County at least until 1752. In 1755, Thomas Cody was in Rowan County, North Carolina, purchasing items at the estate sale of Thomas Ridge (1), along with Benjamin Boucher.

1755 (Rowan County) Estate settlement of Thomas Ridge; summoned Elizabeth Frazier, wife of Robt. Frazier, William Ridge & Michael Myers, to testify on behalf of Elizabeth McGee vs. John Hanby, Executor of Ridge. Buyers at sale: William Ridge, John Hanby , Joseph Ray , Wm. Harrison , John Riggs, Benjm. Boucher, Thomas Evans, Mark Whitaker, Patrick Carty, Saml. Isaac, Thos. Cowdy, Thos. Evans, John Dunn, Hugh McCrory, Robert Heaton, Isaac Anderson, Elizabeth McGee, Thos. Goans, Henry Horak, Rob Frazier, James Howart, Robt. Gamble, James Harsor, Jonathan Congor.

By 1759 Pierce Cody also moved to Rowan County when both he and Thomas were taxed (2).

1759 Rowan Co Tax List
Codey, Peircy
Cody, Thomas

John and William Cody were first mentioned as buyers at the estate sale of Benjamin Boucher, who also migrated to Rowan County from Orange County, Virginia (3).

1762 (Rowan County) Estate sale of Benjamin Boucher. Buyers at sale: William Ridge, Owen Griffen, William Morris, William Draper, Ben Grifen, Wm. Roye, John Codey, Wm Brucksher, George Roy, Wm Megee, Robert Anderson, Wm Robason, John Blalock, Henry Thomson, Wm Codey.

The close association of Pierce Cody and Thomas, William, and John Cody to the Ridge and Boucher families in Rowan County clearly identifies them as the same Cody family of Spotsylvania and Orange Counties, Virginia. The Bouchers and Ridges owned land in the area of present day Randolph and Davidson Counties, and the Codys also settled in this part of the Colony of North Carolina, in the lower Yadkin (PeeDee) River Valley near the Uwharie River.

John Cody, Thomas and a James Cody were residents in 1768 in the the lower Yadkin, but lived in the households of John Bell and Godfrey Ridge, respectively (4).
 

Lower Yadkin Valley 
Rowan, later Randolph & Davidson Counties

Upper Yadkin Valley
Rowan, later Surry & Wilkes Counties
1768 Rowan County Tax List 
of William Millikan
c1768 Rowan County Tax List 
of Gideon Wright
John Bell
-John Coady [transcribed as Condy]
Godfry Cody
Godfrey Ridge
-James Coady [transcribed as Condy]
Wm Ridge
Thomas CoadyWm Codey

Godfrey Ridge was the son of  Thomas Ridge of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, who had died testate in c1753 in Rowan County, North Carolina. John Bell and Godfrey Ridge were neighbors with adjoining land (5):

1766 (Rowan County) June 14 Deed. Godfrey Ridge and wife Ann (x) to Robert Milsaps for £340 proclamation money, 153 acres on Uwharrie River adjoining Henry Tomson, John (X) Bell . Proved Apr Court 1767.

The last record of Pierce Cody was in 1759, so it would appear that Pierce was dead by 1768. Since John and James were taxed in 1768, but were not heads of households, they were at least 16 years of age, born before 1752 and old enough to be sons of Pierce Cody. Since no evidence exists of a Pierce Cody in Rowan County for another 30 years (1789), he may have died by 1768 and his youngest sons bound out to family or neighbors. Further proof is lacking.

By 1768, other family members had migrated away from the Uwharie-lower Yadkin Valley. William Cody moved to the upper Yadkin River Valley in Rowan (present day Surry County) (4). Godfrey Cody and William Ridge, son of Thomas Ridge (died c1753 Rowan County, North Carolina), had also settled there. These family records will be discussed in another section.


Codys of Lower Yadkin- Rowan, Later Randolph and Davidson Counties
John Cody

John Cody of Rowan County was first mentioned as a buyer in the estate records of Benjamin Boucher in 1762 (3). He was taxed in 1768 in the household of John Bell, therefore he was age 16 or older (4). If Pierce Cody had died before 1768, then some of his youngest children, such as John and James, would be living with close family.

1768 Rowan County, North Carolina Tax List of William Millikan
   John Bell
     John Coady
   Henry Walton, son Calep, Wm Magomery
   Godfrey Ridge
     James Coady
   Henry Thompson
   Thomas Coady

Did Godfrey Ridge marry Ann Cody? It is quite likely that John Bell married a daughter of Pierce Cody, and that John and his wife became the guardians of John Cody. In fact, there was a Pearce Bell on the 1803 Tax List of Randolph County (6).

1803 List of the Taxable property for the Year 1803 taken in by me Clem Arnold [Captain Millers's Distr]
Pearce Bell
150 acres, 1 WP
Wm Bell 1 WP
Thomas Bell 1 WP
John Bell 167 acres, 1 WP
Wm Ridge 337 acres, 1 WP
John Ridge 1 stud horse, 20/-
Sam'l Ridge 87 acres, 1 WP

John Cody was taxed as an unmarried single man in William Cole's District of Randolph County, along with Godfrey Ridge and John Bell in 1779 (7):

1779 Randolph County, William Cole's List
John Bell
Hamon Miller
Godfrey Ridge
John Coady, s[ingle]. man

Also that year, John Cody, along with Godfrey Ridge and John Bell, petitioned the government to prohibit building dams on the Uwharie River (8). This same John Cody appeared in land records in Rowan, later Davidson County, along with James and a Pierce Cody (9).

1789 January 21. Nicholas Rochester to James Codey £360, 150 acres on Toms Creek near the Old Cape Fear Road. Witnesses: Pearce Codey, John (X) Codey. Proved by Pearce Codey at May Court 1802.

1796 January 12. John (X) Codey to James Codey for £330, 80 acres on Toms Creek and on both sides of the old Cape Fear Road adjoining the Randolph County line. Witness: Parce (X) Codey . Proved by Parce Codey at May Court 1802.


James and Sarah Cody of Rowan, later Randolph and Davidson Counties, North Carolina

A James Cody first appears in the tax records in 1768 in the household of Godfrey Ridge, therefore James was at least 16 years of age (b. before 1752) (4). Godfrey Ridge and wife Ann had purchased land on the Uwharie River adjoining John Bell, who had John Cody in his household (5).

1766 June 14 Rowan County, North Carolina,  Godfrey Ridge and wife Ann (x) to Robert Milsaps for £40 proclamation money, 153 acres on Uwharrie River adjoining Henry Tomson, John (X) Bell. Proved April Court 1767.

1768 Rowan County, North Carolina Tax List of William Millikan
   John Bell
     John Coady
   Henry Walton, son Calep, Wm Magomery
   Godfrey Ridge
     James Coady
   Henry Thompson
   Thomas Coady

James, and wife Sarah (some say Smith), were the progenitors of many of the Cody families in  Randolph and Davidson Counties, North Carolina. James was likely a son of Pierce Cody of Spotsylvania County, Virginia

Randolph County was formed in 1779 from a portion of Guilford County that previously (1770) was part of Rowan County. The next record of James was in 1782 in Superior Court in Hillsborough (10):

1782 October Court, North Carolina Superior Court, Hillsborough District. The State vs. James Cody: Indictment for horse stealing. Pleads not guilty. The following Jury being balloted impaneled and sworn, to wit...

James Cody supported the Patriot side in the Revolution, and his public claim was paid in 1785 by the Hillsborough Treasury Office (11). Godfrey Ridge was also paid for his public claims.

1783 April Hillsborough District. Revolutionary War Pay Vouchers
 James Coddy public claim voucher from 29 Sept 1783

James Cody and Godfrey Ridge were taxed in Randolph County in the same district in 1785 (12). Both men lived on Jackson's and Tom's Creeks on the county line of Rowan (now Davidson) and Randolph Counties (13).

1785 Randolph County, North Carolina Tax List of Aaron Hill
James Codey, 300 acres 1 white poll
Godfrey Ridge, 87 acres 1 white poll
Frederick Wamire 100 acres 1 WP

1787 July 14. James Cody to Frederick Waymire for £350, 100 acres on Jackson Creek & Ceder Run waters & south side of Timber Ridge. Signed: James Cody; witnesses: John Hodges, Philbert (Wright)

The family of Nathan Riley and Ann Crook Riley lived on Tom's Creek in Rowan County on the Rowan-Randolph line, adjacent to James Cody. The Rileys came from Loudon County, Virginia, and had sons George, Peter, John, Nathan (born 20 November 1776, married Sarah Briggs c1798), Rhodias, James and William.  Nathan's son, Rhodias Riley, married Mary Cody (b. c1776) (14), possibly a daughter of James and Sarah Cody.

1790 US Census, Rowan County, North Carolina (same semi alphabetical group)
entry 662 Codey, James     2mo16 2mu16 5f [wife Sarah]
entry 722 Riley, Ann         2mo16, 2mu16, 1f [Ann Crook, widow of Nathan Riley]
entry 723 Riley, James       1mo16, 0mu16, 2f, 3slaves
entry 729 Riley, George     1mo16, 0mu16, 2f

The 1790 (and later the 1800) census also showed that James Cody had a large family. Not all of the children are proven or known. Most of James Cody's land was on the waters of Tom's Creek (15), adjoining the Rileys and Ridges.

1793 January 25. Robert Ferguson enters 250 acres of land on waters of Tom's Creek, adjoining James Cody & Jesse Harris' entry. Warrant issued 9 August 1797.

1794 Tax List of Capt. Davises, Bald Mountain (southern part of present Davidson County)
James Coady, 340 acres, 1 WP
James Riley 720 acres, 1 WP, 2 BP
George Riley 151 acres 1 WP
Rodias Riley 200 acres, 1 WP [married Mary Cody]
William Riley 100 acres, 1 WP

1796 January 12. John (X) Codey to James Codey for £330, 80 acres on Toms Creek and on both sides of the old Cape Fear Road adjoining the Randolph County line. Witness: Parce (X) Codey . Proved by Parce Codey at May Court 1802.

1798 Tax List of Capt. Parrs Companey for 1798
James Cody 240 acres, 1 WP
James Riley 300 acres 2 BP

1800 US Census (partially alphabetical)
James Coady 1mu10, 1m10-16, 2m16-26, 1m45+, 2fu10, 1f10-16, 1f26-45
Elisha Gallimore 1mu10, 1m16-26, 1fu10, 1f16-26 [married Elizabeth Ridge, d/o Godfrey and Ann Ridge]
Widow Riley 1mu10, 1m16-26, 1f 45+ [Ann Crook Riley]
Rodius Riley 1mu10, 1m26-45, 2fu10, 1f26-45 [married Mary Cody]
James Riley 1m45+
George Riley 1mu10, 1m16-26, 1m26-45, 1f10-16, 1g26-45
Peter Riley 2mu10, 1m26-45, 1f16-26
Nathan Riley 1mu10, 1m16-26, 1f16-26 [Rev. Nathan Riley of Toms Creek Baptist Church]

1802 December 8. State Grant # 2826 at £310 per 100 acres to Rhodias Riley, 300 acres on Toms Creek adjoining the Randolph County line, Robert Ferguson, George Ryley, his own land, Carson, and James Cody. Entered 6 Nov. 1784.

James Cody was dead by June 1803 as his widow, Sarah, was administering his estate (16).

1803 June 4. Sarah (X) Cody as administratrix of James Cody to William Stout for £350, 150 acres on Toms Creek near old Cape Fear Road. Witnesses: William Grist, Rhodias Riley. Proved by Riley at November Court 1803.

1803 June 4. Sarah (X) Cody as administratrix of James Cody to William Stout for £350, 80 acres on Toms Creek adjoining Randolph County line. Witnesses: William Grist, Rhodias Riley. Proved by Riley at November Court 1805.

1813 State of North Carolina, Rowan County. To any constable or other lawful officer. You are hereby commanded to Summons the body of Sarah Cody Adm'r of James Cody, Dec'd if to be found in your county, and him safely keep so that you have him before some Justice of the Peace of said county, within thirty days from the date hereof (Sundays excepted) to answer Nancy Cody to the use of Clement Arnold of a plea of debt, due by for the money part of the sd dec'd Estate the sum of $24.80 ct and interest which sum the delays the payment of. Herein fail not. Given under my hand and seal this 22 day of May 1813.
R Harris (seal)
Summons for the Plantiff
John Gaddis Jur.

1813 N. Cody vs Sarah Cody by me G. Harriss. Continued till the last Saturday in June at John roonds, May 29th. 1813 E[lijah]. Morgan.
June 26 day 1813. The parties appeard and the witness examined. Judgment entered for the defendant to pay the plantiff the sum of five Dollars and eight cents interest five pound fourteen shillins 3 pence cost /given under our hands and seal, R. Harris (seal), John Ward, Esqr.
From which Judgment the plantiff craves appeals and gives for security, Attest- R. Harris, G. Harris, John Ward, Esqr.

Pierce Cody. In 1789, a Pierce Cody, along with John Cody, witnessed a deed for James Cody (17). If this was the elder Pierce, he would be about 83+ years old. The name Pierce Cody appears in Rowan County land records until about 1805, and therefore, the elder Pierce would have been about 100 years old (but see below 1810 Tax List).  It is more likely that this Pierce was from a later generation, possibly a son of James or John Cody.

1789 January 21. Nicholas Rochester to James Codey £360, 150 acres on Toms Creek near the Old Cape Fear Road. Witnesses: Pearce Codey, John (X) Codey. Proved by Pearce Codey at May Court 1802.

1789 January 24. Charles Hewit of Union County, South Carolina to Edward Davis of Rowan County, North Carolina for £350, 150 acres on Toms Creek. Witnesses: (?Pierce) (+) Codey, William (+) Wallace. Proved by Wallace at August Court 1791.

1793 December 31. State Grant #2282 at 50 shillings per 100 acres to Pierce Cody, 307 acres on Toms Creek adjoining James Cody, Rod Riley and the [Randolph] county line.

1794 April 24. State Grant #2302 at 50 shillings per 100 acres to Thomas Carson and William Moore, 535 acres on northeast side of Yadkin River on Lick Creek adjoining Jesse Harris Sr., Jesse Harris Jr., Carson, Phillip Garner, Lewis Snider, John Roe, John Crook, Road Riley, Robert Faugosen and Pierce Cody.

1796 January 12. John (X) Codey to James Codey for £330, 80 acres on Toms Creek and on both sides of the old Cape Fear Road adjoining the Randolph County line. Witness: Parce (X) Codey . Proved by Parce Codey at May Court 1802.

1797 December 18. Deed Book 17, p. 92. State Grant #2529a for 50 shillings per 100 acres to Jesse Harris, 163 acres on Jacksons Creek adjoining his own land, Pierce Codey, and the county line. Entered 9 November 1796. (Kluttz, James, 1997. Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. p. 59)

1798 October 19. Pierce (X) Codey to Peter Riley for £380, 307 acres on Toms Creek adjoining James Cody, Rod Riley, and the county line. It was State Grant to this grantor on 19 October 1798. Witnesses: Allen Cook, John Barris. Proved by Crook at May Court 1803.

1803 October 25. Peter Riley to William Stout for $300, 150 acres on Toms Creek adjoining the Fayetteville Road, Peter Riley, Chambers Road, and the county line. It was part of a 307 acres State grant to Pearce Cody who conveyed it to this grantor. Witnesses: Benjamin Marshall, Rhodiuas Riley. Proved by Rhodias Riley at November Court 1805.

1805 Jan 25. John Miller of Birk County, North Carolina to Jacob Wacason for £320, 200 acres on Little Creek on Dry Fork adjoining to John Ward. It was a State grant to this grantor in 1801. Witnesses: George Bodenhamer, George (X) Walsten, Jeared (x) Coody [Pearce Coody?]. Proved by George Weacosen at August Court 1805.

1805 November 15. Davidson County. Jesse Harris of Rowan County to Peter Riley of Rowan County land on waters of Jacksons Creek, Pearce Cody's line, on line of Randolph County, 80 acres, part of 163 acres deeded by State to Jesse Harris. Witness: Rhodius Riley, Rm Harris.

The 1810 Tax List of Captain William Bean's Company proves that the Pierce Cody of the late 18th Century Rowan County was a younger man. He was taxed with 1 poll, suggesting he was under 50 years of age (18).

1810 Tax List of Captain William Beans Company for the Year 1810, Rowan County, NC
 Cody, Pearce    0 acres, 1 White Poll

To be continued

Nancy Cody.

1803 July 16 Rowan County Bastardy Bonds
Nancy Codey-mother
bond: Nathan Riley, Rhodias Riley

1813 Estate settlement of James Cody. Summons to Sarah Cody of Rowan Co., Administratrix to answer Nancy Cody.

Thomas Cody.

1815 Rowan County Tax List of Capt. Jarrott
Thomas Cody 1 WP [son of James Cody]
Rodias Riley 693 acres 1 WP
Richard Cox 242 acres
John Ward 562 acres 1 WP
Elijah Morgan 380 acres 1 WP
Nathan Riley 330 acres 1WP

1820 US Census Rowan Co (Lexington side)
p. 356
John Rush 110010-31010-02
John Cody 300010-10010-01 [b. 1775-1794]
Peirce Rush 300010-32010-03

1853 Febuary 9. Will of Thomas Cody, wife June [Jane Ward] Cody; sons Hurman, Austin & Jesse Cody; daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Marinda & Nancy; Executors son Jesse Cody, Seth Ward & Rachel Merel; proved May term 1853. (Davidson County, North Carolina Will Book 2, p. 83, In: Shoaf, M. J. (1989) Davidson County North Carolina Abstracts of Will Book 2, 1844-1868 and Deed Book 3, 1826-1828, Roanoke, VA)

1846 Davidson County Marriage Bond Jesse Cody to Margaret Ward 2 December 1846, Owen Gallamore, bond; witness: R. W. Harris, J. P.

James Cody.

1822 December 10. Davidson County, North Carolina. Arch'd Gaddis of Randolph County to Jesse Harris, Sr., 50 acres adjoining Ransom Harris' line; witnesses R. Harris, James Cody (Middleton, C.C., (1969) Abstracts of Davidson County Deeds Books I and II, Lexington, NC., p. 13.)

Mary Cody.

William Cox married Mary Riley, daughter of Rhodias & Mary Cody Riley.

1821 February 22, State of North Carolina #3210 to William Cox, 15 acres on waters of Toms Creek, Rhodias Riley's corner, William Cox's line; entered 17 November 1823 (Middleton, C.C., (1969) Abstracts of Davidson County Deeds Books I and II, Lexington, NC., p. 13.)

John Cody.

1820 US Census, Rowan County, North Carolina
p. 356. John Cody 300010-1001001
Pierce Rush 300010-3201003002
Elisha Gallimore 110210-111100-4 [married Elizabeth Ridge, daughter of Godfrey and Ann Ridge]


References Cited

1. Rowan County, North Carolina, Loose Estate Papers of Thomas Ridge, 1755, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, 085.508.136.

2. Lynn, J. W. (1995) Rowan County, North Carolina Tax Lists 1757-1800: Annotated Transcriptions, Salibury, NC

3. Rowan County, North Carolina Loose Estate Papers of Benjamin Boudger, 1762, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, CR085.508.14

4. Rowan County, North Carolina 1768 Tax Lists of William Millikan and Gideon Wright, CRX 244, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, Raleigh, NC.

5. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Minute Book II, p. 455 [1763 April 14] In: Linn, Jr, S (1979) Abstracts of the Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Rowan County, North Carolina 1763-1774, Vol. II, Salisbury, NC, p. 6.

6. (1987) The Genealogical Journal of the Randolph County, North Carolina, Historical Society, vol. XI, no. 1, p. 10-11

7. Johnson, W. P., 1779 Tax List of Randolph County, The North Carolinian, vol. __, pp. 179-186.

8. dams

9. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book Deed Book 18, pp. 387, 392, In: Kluttz, J. (1997). Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. p. 118.

10. North Carolina Superior Court, Hillsborough District, Book I-84 folio 55, October 1782 In: Haun, W. P., Hillsborough District, North Carolina Superior Court Minutes 1768-1791, Book I, p. 67.

11. Hillsborough Treasury Office April 1785, Revolutionary War Pay Vouchers, In: Treasurer & Comptroller Records, Military Papers 31.40- 31.42, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, Roll S.115.77

12. Briles, C. R. ( ) 1785 Randolph County Tax List, pp. 18-27

13. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 3, p. 369 [14 July 1787]

14. Riley, H. (1998) The Riley Family, Denton, North Carolina, Journal of the Genealogical Society of Davidson County, Lexington, North Carolina, vol. XVIII, no. 2, pp. 31- 43.

15. Rowan County North Carolina Land Entry, In: Rowan County, North Carolina Vacant Land Entries 1790-1795; Rowan County, North Carolina Tax Lists, CRX 244, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, Raleigh, NC; Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book Deed Book 18, pp. 387, 392, In: Kluttz, J. (1997). Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. p. 118; Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 19, p. 427, In: Kluttz, J. (1997) Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. p. 180.

16. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 19, pp. 405, 410, 495, In: Kluttz, J. (1997) Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. pp. 179, 180; Rowan County, North Carolina Loose Estate Records, James Cody 1813, Series CR085.508.30, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, Raleigh, NC.

17. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book Deed Book 18, p. 387, 392, 633, In: Kluttz, J. (1997). Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC. pp. 118, 132; Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 12, p. 26 [24 January 1789], In: Kluttz, J. W. (1996) Abstracts of Deed Book 11-14 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1786-1797, Cary, NC, p. 48; Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 13, p. 539 [1794 April 24], In: Kluttz, J. W., (1996) Abstracts of Deed Books 11-14 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1786-1797, Cary, NC, p. 106; Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 19, p. 335, 405, In: Kluttz, J. (1997). Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19 of Rowan County, North Carolina 1797-1807, Cary, NC, pp. 175, 179; Davidson County, North Carolina Deed Book 1, p. 215 [15 November 1805], In: Middleton, C.C., (1969) Abstracts of Davidson County Deeds Books I and II, Lexington, NC., p. 26.

18. Rowan County, North Carolina Tax Lists, CRX 244, State of North Carolina Library and Archives, Raleigh, NC.

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