The Families of William E. Kirkland
by George Baumbach
updated 30 September 2013

William E Kirkland was a native of North Carolina who lived in the western mountains in Swain County and in Monroe County, Tennessee.  William was married three times which has caused confusion since his second and third wives were both named Sarah. His first wife was Elizabeth Watkins, his second wife was Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers nee Morris (her third marriage was to William E Kirkland), and his third wife was the young Sarah Nations.  This summary will outline the evidence for the three different families of William Kirkland.

William E Kirkland was born on 07 April 1830 in Buncombe County, North Carolina. He died on 22 January 1910 in Charleston, Swain County, North Carolina. He was the son of James Houck Kirkland and Naomi "Oma" Kirkland. 

FAMILY OF WILLIAM E. KIRLAND AND ELIZABETH WATKINS

Elizabeth Watkins, the first wife of William E Kirkland, was enumerated in the US census for Macon County, North Carolina in 1850 in William's parents' home on Deep Creek, land adjoining the current Great Smoky Mountain National Park near Bryson City. Apparently they were recently wed - he was 20 years old and she was 19.  No marriage record has been found. Elizabeth was noted as being born in Wilkes County, North Carolina.  In 1860 William and Elizabeth were farming in  in Webster, Jackson County, North Carolina and with five young children in the household.  Their children's' names can be deduced from later census records as Rebecca (born c 1853), Matilda (born c1851, Susan (born c 1855), Andrew (born c1857) and Fannie (born c1859).

1850 US Census, Deep Creek, Macon County, North Carolina
399/408 James Kirkland 35 M Rutherford
Naomi 53 F Rutherford
Elizabeth 20 F Wilkes[born c 1830]
William 19 M Buncombe
Fanny 18 F Wilkes
Rebecca 14 F Macon

400/409 Johnston Kirkland 31 M Rutherford [brother of William E Kirkland
Elizabeth 20 F Rutherford
Spins 3 M Macon
John 1 Macon

1860 US Census Webster Post Office, Jackson County, North Carolina
433/435 William Kirkland 27 M NC[born c1833 William E Kirkland]
E 30 F NC [Elizabeth Watkins born c1830]
R 7 F NC [Rebecca born c1853]
M 9 F NC [Matilda born c1851]
S 5 F NC [Susan born c1855]
A 3 M NC [Andrew Jackson born c1857]
F 1 F NC [Fannie born c1859]

Elizabeth's maiden name of Watkins is corroborated in the death certificate of her daughter Susie Kirkland Herron.

1929 North Carolina Standard Certificate Death, Registration District 87-7075 No. 228
Susie Herron, female, white, age 78 years 9 months 22 days, widow of John Herron; born 20 March 1854 in North Carolina, died 12 January 1929 of unknown cause, found dead in bed at home, Forney's Creek, Swain County, North Carolina. Father - Wm Kirkland, born in North Carolina; mother - Betsie Watkins born in North Carolina; buried 13 January 1929 Pilkey Cemetery.

By about 1866 Elizabeth Watkins Kirkland was either dead or she had divorced William E, since her last child, Absolom, was born c1866. Some of William and Elizabeth Kirkland's children were being raised by their grandparents, Andrew and Matilda Watkins in 1870 in Deep Creek, Jackson County.  The youngest child, Absolom, was born about 1865 and was still in the household of his grandmother, Matilda, in 1880. Another son, William was with his father and second wife, Sarah Adeline Morris, in Qualla Town, farming land near his brothers Felix Hampton and James (who married Elizabeth's sister, Fannie Watkins), and sister Elizabeth Wiggins. Some researchers say this son William is William E. Jr, but census (1910, 1930 Swain County) and probate records (1917-1918 Swain County) reveal he was William M. Kirkland, also known as General Kirkland, who married Sarah Jane Ann Cockerham (this is my wife's line).

1870 US Census, Deep Creek, Jackson County, North Carolina
Andrew Wadkins 74 M NC
Matilda 63 F NC
Susan Kirkland 13 F NC [granddaughter, daughter of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]
Andrew Kirkland 12 M NC [grandson, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]
Avery Kirkland 8 M NC [grandson, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]
Absolom Kirkland 6 M NC [grandson, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]

1870 US Census, Qualla Town, Jackson County, North Carolina
22/22 William Kirkland 41 NC
Adeline 34 NC [Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers Kirkland, nee Morris]
Laura A. 11 NC [Laura A. Burns, daughter of William Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 4 Dec 1859]
Josephine 9 NC [Patsy Josephine Burns, daughter of Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 1861]
Roxanna 3 NC [Roxanna P. Rogers, daughter of Samuel Rogers and Sarah Adeline Morris]
William 6 NC [William M. "General" Kirkland, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]

1880 US Census, Charleston, Swain County, North Carolina
81/82 Wm Kirklin 55 MW head NC/NC/NC farmer [William E. Kirkland]
Sarah A. 48 FW wife NC/NC/NC keeping house [Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers Kirkland nee Morris]
Josephine 20 daughter FW NC/NC/NC at home [Patsy Josephine Burns]
William 15 MW son NC/NC/NC laborer [William M. "General" Kirkland, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]
Roxana 12 FW daughter NC/NC/NC at home [Roxanna P. Rogers]

123/123 M. Wadkins 73 FW head wid/div NC/NC/NC at home [Matildd Watkins nee Lunsford]
Curklin 15 MW grandson single NC/NC/NC at home [most likely Absolom Kirkland, son of William E and Elizabeth Watkins Kirkland]

The children of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins were:
1..William E. Kirkland b: 07 Apr 1830 in Buncombe, North Carolina, d: 22 Jan 1910 in Swain, North Carolina, Father: John Kirkland, Mother: Naomi "Oma" Kirkland
........+ Elizabeth Watkins b: Abt. 1830 in Wilkes, North Carolina, d: Abt. 1866 in Jackson, North Carolina, Father: Andrew Watkins, Mother: Matilda Lunsford
............2 Matilda "Tilda" Jane Kirkland b: 9 Mar 1846 in Macon, North Carolina, d: 16 Dec 1929 in Graham, North Carolina
................+ Stanley Allen Crisp m: 19 Mar 1876 in Graham, North Carolina, b: 19 Jul 1850 in Stecoah, Graham, North Carolina, d: 12 Nov 1924, Graham, North Carolina, Father: Miller Crisp, Mother: Nancy E. Crisp
............2 Elizabeth Rebecca Kirkland b: 24 Mar 1852 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 24 Apr 1919 in Swain, North Carolina
................+ John A. "Coot" Pilkington m: 12 Oct 1870 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Oct 1849 in Macon, North Carolina, d: 20 Apr 1929 in Swain, North Carolina, Father: Nathan Moses Pilkington, Mother: Ruth West
............2 Andrew Jackson Kirkland b: Mar 1853 in Jackson, North Carolina, d:10 Apr 1928 in Needmore, Swain, North Carolina
................+ Eliza Jane Wilson m: 12 Sep 1877 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Aug 1862 in Macon, North Carolina, Father: William Wilson, Mother: Mary Ann Pilkington
............2 Susannah Jane Kirkland b: 20 Mar 1854 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 12 Jan 1929 in Forney's Creek, Swain, North Carolina
................+ Joshua Herron m: 12 May 1872 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Aug 1842 Pickens, South Carolina, d: 1920 in Swain, North Carolina
............2 Fannie Kirkland b: Abt. 1859 in Jackson, North Carolina [no further information].
............2 Avery Kirkland b: Abt. 1862 in Jackson, North Carolina [no further information].
............2 William Madison "General" Kirkland b: Abt. 1864 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: Nov 1936 in Swain, North Carolina
................+ Sarah Jane Ann Cockerham [Cochran] m: 20 Jul 1882 in Swain, North Carolina, b: 15 Apr 1867 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 22 Sep 1939 in Forney's Creek, Swain, North Carolina, Father: Matthew Madison Cockerham, Mother: Mira M. Cockerham
............2 Absolom Kirkland b: Abt. 1865 in Jackson, North Carolina
................+ Sarah J. Seay m: 12 Mar 1883 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Abt. 1860 Fines Creek, Haywood, North Carolina, Father: Thornton Seay, Mother: Lucinda Hall

FAMILY OF WILLIAM E. KIRKLAND AND SARAH ADELINE BURNS ROGERS NEE MORRIS

Sarah Adeline Morris was born c1834 in Rutherford County, North Carolina, and died after 1910. She was the sixteen year old daughter of John M. Morris and Nicey of Rutherford County, living in Macon County in 1850, but not in the household in 1860, suggesting she had married. In 1870 John and Nicey Morris lived in Cowee, Swain County and in 1880 in Nantahala Township, Swain County.

1850 US Census, Tennessee Valley Township, Macon County, North Carolina
249/255 John Morris 38 MW Laborer born Rutherford County, North Carolina
Nicey 36 FW Rutherford
Sarah A.16 FW Rutherford [Sarah Adeline Morris]
Wm L. 13 MW Rutherford
Margaret 10 FW Rutherford
John H C 8 MW Rutherford
Geo M 5 MW Rutherford
Nancy M 2 FW Macon
Sarah Morris 80 FW Rutherford

1860 US Census, Jackson County, North Carolina
J. M. Morris 48 WM NC [John M. Morris]
N. 46 FW NC [Nicey]
M. 19 FW NC [Margaret]
J. 17 MW NC [John H]
G. 14 MW NC [George]
N. 5 FW NC [Nancy]
W. 24 MW NC [William]
W. Turner 6 MW NC

Sarah Adeline Morris was married three times - first to William Asbury Burns, second to Samuel Rogers, and third to William E. Kirkland. She had five children by the first two marriages, and none by William E Kirkland, although several of her children were known as Kirkland. Let's look at each of the three marriages of Sarah Adeline Morris in more detail.

Sarah Adeline Morris and William Asbury Burns, married c1860
Sarah Adeline Morris first married about 1860 to William Asbury Burns (aka WMA Burns; born 28 September 1838) . Their two children were Laura A. Burns, born in 4 December 1859, and Patsy Josephine Burns, born in 20 May 1861. Asbury was a Private in Company A, 16th North Carolina Infantry (Thomas Legion, CSA) and died in battle on 26 June 1862 at Mechanicsville, Virginia, "a brave soldier". He was 23 years old. Although records for Laura Burns claim a marriage date in 1859, William Asbury Burns, her father, was single in 1860 and still in the home of his parents, Uriah Charles Burns and Sarah Burchfield. He enlisted on 27 April 1861.

Laura and Josephine were living in the household of William Kirkland and Sarah Adeline Morris in 1870.  Their mother's maiden name, as well as the name of their father, William Asbury Burns, can be found in Cherokee claim applications filed by each daughter.

1870 US Census, Qualla Town, Jackson County, North Carolina
22/22 William Kirkland 41 NC [William E. Kirkland]
Adeline 34 NC [Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers Kirkland, nee Morris]
Laura A. 11 NC [Laura A. Burns, daughter of William Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 4 Dec 1859]
Josephine 9 NC [Patsy Josephine Burns, daughter of Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 1861]
Roxanna 3 NC [Roxanna P. Rogers, daughter of Samuel Rogers and Sarah Adeline Morris]
William 6 NC [William M. "General" Kirkland, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]

Laura A. Burns. Laura A. Burns Kirkland married Andrew Jackson Cockerham (Cochran) on 14 October 1875 in Swain County.  Andy was the son of Matthew and Mira Cockerham and brother of Sarah Jane Ann Cockerham (Cochran), the wife of William "General" Kirkland, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins. Thus step-sister Laura Burns and step-brother William "General" Kirkland married brother and sister Andy and Sarah Cockerham. Laura died 9 October 1918 in Waynesville, Haywood County.

Martha "Patsy" Josephine Burns. Patsy Josephine Burns Kirkland married John Brendle on 5 February 1877 in Swain County.

1880 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
136/136 Cockerham 27 MW married NC/NC/NC farmer [Andrew Jackson Cockerham]
Laura 25 FW wife married NC/NC/NC keeping house [Laura Burns, daughter of William Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris]
William F 4 MW son single NC/NC/NC [William Thomas Cockerham]
Verlentia 1 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC [Verlentia Adeline Cockerham]

1900 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
100/100 John H. Brendle 45 MW head married-23 years, b: unk 1854 NC/NC/NC farmer
Patsy J 40 FW wife married-23 years 5/4-children b: May 1860 NC/NC/NC [Patsy Josephine Burns]
Henry M 18 MW son single b: Apr 1882 NC/NC/NC farm laborer [Henry Morris Brendle]
George C 8 MW son single b: Jul 1891 NC/NC/NC [George Coleman Brendle]
Eliza A 7 FW daughter single b: Jan 1893 NC/NC/NC [Eliza Adeline Brendle]

117/117 Adeline Kirkland 66 WF head widow born October 1833, 4 of 5 children living NC/NC/NC [living: Laura, Josephine, Roxanna, James]
Elias Brendle 21 MW grandson single born May 1879 NC/NC/NC farm laborer [Elias D., son of John Brendle and Patsy Josephine Burns]
Hattie B. Rodgers 12 FW granddaughter single born December 1887 NC/NC/NC [Hattie Berdell Rogers, daughter of James William Rogers and Laura Mae Bowers]

195/196 Andrew J Cochran 51 MW head married-25 years b: June 1843,NC/NC/NC
Laura H 40 FW wife married-25 years, b: Dec 1859,  11 of 15 children living NC/NC/NC [Laura Burns]
Epp E 16 MW son single b: Nov 1883 NC/NC/NC
John T 15 MW son single b: May 1885 NC/NC/NC
Minnie E 13 FW daughter single b: May 1887 NC/NC/NC
Julius B 11 MW son single b: Dec 1888 NC/NC/NC
Jessie T 10 MW son single b: June 1889 NC/NC/NC
D. K. 7 MW son single b: Sept 1892 NC/NC/NC
Augustus P 5 MW son single b: Apr 1895 NC/NC/NC
Robert F 3 MW son single b: Feb 1897 NC/NC/NC
Dock D 10/12 MW son single b: July 1899 NC/NC/NC

1906 December 28 Cherokee Claim 8426 of Laura A. Cochran, Bushnell, Swain County, North Carolina; with 8203 Betsy Walker case - Rejected
NameLaura A Cochran
Address:Bushnell, Swain County, North Carolina
Indian Name:Kir an Barnes
Born:December 4, 1859 Kirklans Creek
Married:Yes, Andy Cochran, age 53
Claim:Asbury Burns my father who was son of Uriah Burns and Sally Burns, the latter a Cherokee woman, daughter of Noah Burchfield, a Cherokee
Father:Asbury Burns, born Deep Creek, Swain County, North Carolina; resided 1851 in Deep Creek, Swain County; killed in the war of 1861
Father's Indian Name:don't know
MotherAdeline Burns
Mother's Indian Name:white
Maiden Name:Adeline Morris, born Buncombe County, North Carolina; resided 1851 in Deep Creek, Swain County; living
Parent's Enrolled:Not that I know of
Brothers and Sisters:Josephine Brindle, age 45 yeas; I have 2, one brother and one sister, white
Grandparents:Uriah Burn, he was a full blood Cherokee and wore a blanket; born I suppose in North Carolina in the Cherokee Nation; resided 1851 Deep Creek, Swain County and had a farm there
 Sallie Burns
Children of Grandparents:[Samuel] Taylor Burns living Cumberland Gap, Tennessee; John Burns living in Oklahoma; Mac Burns living in Oklahoma; High [Hezekiah] Burns dead left children Eliza Burns, Nancy Burns, Margaret Burns, Amanda Burns, Lillie Burns
Children:I have 12 living children all Burns, all healthy
Witnesses:John D. Brindle [brother-in-law]; Kim Sutton; D. K. Cochran [nephew]; J. P. Rathbone
1907 January 23 Cherokee Claim of Patsy Josephine Brendle of Bryson City, Swain County, North Carolina
Name:Patsy Josephine Brendle
Address:Bryson City, Swain County
Claim:Through Asbury Burns, son of Uriah Burns. Uriah Burns, son of Hezikiah Burns, son of Arthur Burns. Susan Walker wife of Arthur Burns and sister of Richard or Dick Burns
Married:J. D. Brendle, 52 years
Father:Asberry Burns, Jr born near Bryson City, North Carolina; resided 1835 in Macon County, North Carolina; died 1862.
Mother:Sarah A. Burns
Maiden Name:Sarah A. Morris born Buncombe County, North Carolina; living
Sister:Laura Burns born 1859 living
Grandparents:Uriah Burns, Eli yor garlugor; born Haywood County, North Carolina; resided 1835 in Macon County, North Carolina.
 Sallie Burns nee Burchfield, gar-lu-gor; born McDowell County, North Carolina; resided 1835 in Macon County
Children of Grandparents:WMA Burns or Asberry; Hezikiah Burns; John P. Burns died 2 September 1887; Eliza Burns, Bryson City; Amanda Burns, Bryson City, living; Nancy Burns, Bryson City; living; C. H. Burns, dead 1 January 1871; Uriah Burns, Ili yor garlugor, living; J. H. burns, died 13 August 1857; Margaret Burns, Jackson County, living; Lillie Burns, Cherokee County.
Parents and Grandparents back through 1835Arthur Burns - Arti garlugar, Susan Walker - Su Si A Do Hel; Hezikiah Burns - Oo Dau Yo Do Garlugar, Betsie Parks. Uriah Burns - Eli Yor Garlugar. Asberry Burns son of Uriah Burns is my father. Arthur Burns and wife Susan Walker took Reservation in Jackson County, Alabama. His son Hezikiah Burns is the father of Uriah Burns and Uriah Burns is the father of Asberry Burns Jr and Asberry Burns Jr is my father.
 
1907 July 10 Cherokee Claim of Josephine Brendle, Bryson City, Swain County, North Carolina for self and 2 children
Name:Josephine Brendle, age 46
Address:Bryson City, North Carolina
Born:20 May 1861 Deep Creek, Swain County
Father:Asbury Burns, born Jackson County, North Carolina; died in the Army 1862; lived in Jackson County 1851
Mother:Adeline Burns, born Rutherford County; living; lived in Jackson County 1851
Brothers and Sisters:Laura Cochran, born 4 December 1859; Willie Rogers, half-brother; Roxana Rogers, half-sister
Grandparents:Uriah Burns, Eli yar garlugar
 Sallie Burns nee Burchfield
 John Morris
 Niccie Morris
Children of Grandparents:WMA Burns is my father; Hezekiah Burns; John C Burns; Miles H Burns; Eliza Seay; Nancy Jenkins; Lillie Wiggins;
Parents and Grandparents back through 1835:Hezekiah Burns Betsie Burns nee Parks, Arthur Burns Susan Burns nee Walker, Susan Walker sister of Dick Walker. Arthur Burns is the father of Hezikiah Burns and Hezikiah Burns is the father of Uriah Burns. Uriah Burns is my grandfather.
Children:Lias Brendle, 28 born 1879; Morris Brendle 25, born 1882; Coleman Brendle, 16, born 1891; Adeline Brendle, 14 born 1893

1910 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
Kirklin Creek Road
67/67 John H. Brendle 58 MW he ad married-1 33 years, NC/NC/NC farmer | house farm
P. Josafine 48 FW wife married-1 33 years, 4 of 5 children living, NC/NC/NC [Patsy Josephine Rogers]
George C 19 MW son single NC/NC/NC [George Coleman Brendle]
Sarah A. Kirklin 83 FW mother-in-law widow, 4 of 5 children living, NC/NC/NC [Sarah Adeline Morris Burns Rogers Kirkland]

69/69 Elias Brendle 32 MW head married-2, 7 years NC/NC/NC farmer | at home [s/o John Brendle and Patsy Josephine Burns]
Nancy 26 FW wife married-1, 7 years 2 of 2 children living, NC/NC/NC
Maud 6 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC
Nicy 3 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC

70/70 Henry M. Brendle 29 MW head married-1, 6 years NC/NC/NC farmer | at home [s/o  John Brendle and Patsy Josephine Burns]
Zona 20 FW wife married-1, 6 years 3 of 3 children living, NC/NC/NC
May 5 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC
Juna 4 MW son single NC/NC/NC
Laura 2 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC

71/71 Andy J Cochran 56 MW head married-1, 35 years NC/NC/NC farmer | at home
Laura A. 50 FW wife married-1, 35 years 10 of 12 children living, NC/NC/NC [Laura A Burns]
Jesse 19 MW son single NC/NC/NC laborer | B__ Factory
D K 16 MW son single NC/NC/NC laborer | at home
Gus 14 MW son single NC/NC/NC
Frank 12 MW son single NC/NC/NC
Dock 10 MW son single NC/NC/NC
Fred 8 MW son single NC/NC/NC

1918 Certificate of Death, Gastonia, Gaston County, North Carolina for Josephine Brendle
Name: Josephine Brindle; sex: female; race: white; occupation: housekeeping
Marital status: married: spouse: J D Brindle
Date of birth: 16 May 1861; place of birth: Swain
Date of death: 29 June 1918; age at death: 57 years, 1 month, 13 days; place of death: City Hospital, Gastonia, Gaston, North Carolina
Cause of death: carcinoma of uterus; surgery: exploratory performed 24 June 1918, no treatment performed
Father: Asbery Barnes [sic, Burns]; birthplace: Swain; mother: Josephine Barnes [? information from undertaker]; birthplace: Swain
Informant: S Settlemeyer, undertaker; Gastonia
Place of burial: New Hope Cemetery; date of burial: 29 June 1918

1918 Certificate of Death, Haywood County, North Carolina for Laura A. Cochron
Name: Laura A. Cochron, sex: female; race: white: occupation: housework
Marital status: married; spouse:
Date of birth: blank; age 58 years
Date of death: 9 October 1918; place of death: Waynesville, Haywood County
Cause of death: influenza-pneumonia
Father: unknown; mother: unknown
Informant: Geo Walls, Hazelton, NC
Place of burial: Waynesville; date of burial: 10 Oct 1918

1920 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
Road along southwest railway
John Brendle

Sarah Adeline Morris and Samuel Rogers, married c1862
Sarah Adeline Morris had a second family with Samuel Rogers and were married about 1862. Their first child, Roxanna P. Rogers, was born 15 May 1863 and their second child, James William "Willie" Rogers, was born on 17 September 1866.  This marriage ended by 1870 with the death of Samuel.

Roxanna P. Rogers. Roxanna was in the household of William E. Kirkland and Sarah Adeline Morris in 1870 and 1880. Roxanna was a Rogers, as documented by the following marriage bond in Swain County to W. Edward Davis. Her half-brother-in-law, John Brendle, as well as her brother, James William "Willie" Rogers, were witnesses. There is no further information on this marriage and in nine years, Roxie was married for a second time to Samuel Taylor Burns.

1884 November 27. W. Edward Davis, 23, of Swain County, son of Mark Davis (living) of Macon County, to Roxie P. Rogers, 17 of Swain, daughter of Adeline Kirkland (living) of Swain. Performed by John S. Smiley, Baptist Minister, at bride's mother's, Charleston Twp, J. Cockerham, John Brendle, Willie Rogers, witnesses.

There is an interesting record in the rejected Cherokee Claims of Samuel Taylor Burns, son of Uriah Burns, and brother of William Asbury Burns who married Sarah A. Morris Burns Rogers Kirkland.  He states that his wife was Roxanna P. Burns, nee Kirkland, who was born 1871.  They were married 25 February 1893 in Claiborne County, Tennessee, a second marriage for her and a fourth for him.  Roxanna was also known as "Anna" or "Annie". Samuel Taylor Burns (born 2 March 1848, died 18 August1916) is buried in the Cottrell Cemetery, Claiborne County.

1893 February 25, Claiborne County, Tennessee
Marriage of Roxie Kirklin to S. T. Burns [Samuel Taylor Burns]

1900 US Census, Claiborne County, Tennessee
4th Civil District
Samuel T Burns 51 MW head married age 15, born March 1849 NC/AL/NC farmer
Annie Burns 28 FW wife married age 15, born September 1871 NC/TN/NC [Roxanna P. Davis Kirkland]
John Burns 12 MW son single, born April 1888 TN/NC/NC
Cortez Burns 18 MW son single, born Jun 1886 TN/NC/NC
Odel Burns 10 MW son single, born September 1889 TN/NC/NC [Omodell Burns b: 28 Sep 1892, d: 8 Nov 1909]
Dora E Burns 7 FW daughter single, born January 1893 TN/NC/NC [Lillie E. Burns b: 28 Jan 1893, d: 26 Jan 1906]
Robert F Burns 5 MW son single, born March 1895 TN/NC/NC
Carter S Burns 3 MW son single, born September 1896 TN/NC/NC

1907 January 14 Cherokee Claim #11006 of Samuel Taylor Burns, Cumberland Gap, Tennessee; with 8203 Betsy Walker case - Rejected
NameS. T. Burns
Address:Cumberland Gap, Clayborn County, Tennessee
Indian Name:Gar lu gar
Born:2 March 1849 Jackson County, North Carolina, now Swain County
Married:Yes (wife) Roxanna Burns nee Kirkland, age 36 years [born c1871]
Claim:Uriah Burns, Son of Hezikiah Burns. Arthur Burns, Father of Hezikiah burns. Susan Walker wife of Arthur Burns, daughter of Betsey Walker and sister of Dick Walker
Father:Uriah Burns, born Haywood County, North Carolina; resided in 1851 in Macon County, North Carolina
Father's Indian Name:Eli-yar-Gar-lu-gar
MotherSallie Burns
Mother's Indian Name:unknown
Maiden Name:Sallie Birchfield born McDowell County, North Carolina; resided 1851 in Macon County; living
Parent's Enrolled:Unknown
Brothers and Sisters:W. M. A. Burns born 28 September 1836, died in Army 1862 [William Asbury Burns, husband of Sarah Adeline Morris]; Hezikiah H. Burns, born 20 June 1840, died 15 February 1874; John C. Burns, born 23 February 1842, living; Miles H. Burns, born 14 May 1845, died 2 September 1887; Eliza Burns, born 4 November 1843, living; Amanda Cline, born 28 June 1851, living; C. H. Burns, born 24 April 1847, died 1 January 1871; S. T. Burns, born 2 March 1849, living; Uriah Burns, born 23 December 1854, living; J. H. Burns, born 7 July 1856, died 13 August 1857; Margaret Burns, born 28 March 1853, living; Lillie Burns, born 11 May 1861, living; Nancy Burns, born 5 July 1858, living.
Grandparents:Hezikiah Burns, Oo-dau ye-do Gar-lu-gar; resided 1851 in Georgia
 Betsy Burns, nee Parks, Qua Sie a do Le-gar lu gar; Betsy dead in 1851
Children of Grandparents:Asberry Burns; Sam Burns; John Burns, Uriah Burns, Eli-gar-Gar-lu-gar, resided in Jackson County, North Carolina, dead; Patsy Burns, dead
Remarks:Arthur Burns & wife took Reservation at Jackson County Alabama. His son Hezikiah Burns is the father of Uriah Burns and Uriah Burns is my Father.
Witnesses:W. T. Conley; Sam B. Gibson
1907 May 22 Supplemental Application for Minors of Samuel Taylor Burns 11006 of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Name:Samuel Taylor Burns
Address:Cumberland Gap, Claiborne County, Tennessee
Date of Birth:2 March 1849, Jackson County, North Carolina
Claim:Through Asbury Burns, son of Uriah Burns. Uriah Burns, son of Hezikiah Burns, son of Arthur Burns. Susan Walker wife of Arthur burns and sister of Richard or Dick Burns
Married:Yes, Roxana P. Burns
Children living with you on 28 May 1906:Robert Fred Burns, 12 years, born 23 March 1895; Carter Shuford Burns, 9 years, 16 September 1897

1910 US Census, Claiborne, Tennessee
Samuel T Burns 53 MW head married-2,15 years NC/NC/NC farmer | home farm
Roxie A 37 FW wife married-2, 15 years NC/NC/NC
Fred R 13 MW son single TN/NC/NC
Carter S 12 MW son single TN/NC/NC

Roxanna's third marriage was to Elmer W. Marshall of Claiborne County sometime before 1920. When Elmer W. Marshall died, his wife, Roxanna, was the informant for his death certificate information, and she stated her name was Annie Kirkland. Elmer died 20 October 1937 in Claiborne County, Tennessee and is buried in Cottrell Cemetery. Carter Shuford Burns, son of Samuel Taylor Burns and Roxanna P Rogers Kirkland Davis, died on 21 June 1950 in Knoxville, Tennessee. His death certificate named his mother as Ona [sic, Anna] Rogers. Roxanna died after 1937.

1920 US Census, Claiborne, Tennessee
E. W. Marshall 53 MW head married KY/KY/KY farmer | general farm
Annie 45 FW wife married-2,15 years NC/NC/NC
Shuferd Burns 19 FW daughter married TN/KY/NC [male, son] farmer | own house
Minerva 15 MW son married TN/KY/NC [female, daughter-in-law; Minerva Alice Marsee]

1930 US Census, Claiborne, Tennessee
Elmer Marshall 62 MW head married-25years old 1st marriage KY/KY/KY farmer | general farm
Anna 55 FW wife married-12 years old 1st marriage NC/NC/NC
Daley G Burns 19 FW boarder single TN/TN/TN helper | house work
James Burns 9 MW gson single TN/TN/TN
Elmer Burns 7 MW gson single TN/TN/TN

1937 Tennessee Certificate of Death
Elmer W Marshall, male, white, married
Place of Death: Arthur, Claiborne County
Date of Death: 20 October 1937
Cause of Death: Cardiac insufficiency, mitral regurgitation
Spouse: Annie Kirkland
Date of Birth: October 15; age 72; born in Kentucky
Occupation: farm; own farm
Father: Umphrey Marshall, born in Kentucky
Mother: Tildia Wilson, born in Kentucky
Informant: Mrs. Elmer W Marshall
Burial: 22 October 1937 Arthur, Tennessee

James William "Willie" Rogers. The second child of Samuel Rogers and Sarah Adeline Morris Burns was James William "Willie" Rogers, who was born about 1865.  Willie Rogers married Laura Mae Bowers on the 24 October 1886 in Swain County.  His father, Sam Rogers, is named in the marriage record and also is noted as deceased. His mother was named as Sarah Adeline Kirkland. Witnesses were half-brother-in-law Andrew Jackson Cockerham, half-sister Laura A. Burns Cockerham, and half-brother-in-law John Brendle. James had a second marriage 12 years later to Sarah Caroline Kirkland, daughter of John "Bud" Kirkland and Mary Ann "Polly Ann" Watkins.

James W. Rogers, 21 of Swain County, white, son of Sam Rogers and Sarah A. Kirkland, father dead, mother living in Swain County, to Laura Bowers, Swain County, 17, white, daughter of R. J. and Pollie Bowers, both living in Swain County, by M. J. Battles, J. P., October 24, 1886, Charleston. Witnesses: A. J. Cockerham, Laura Cockerham, John Brendle.

James W. Rogers, 32, of Swain Co., son of Sam Rogers and Sarah Kirkland to Caroline S. Kirkland 23, white, daughter of Bud and Polly Ann Kirkland on May 19, 1898 in Graham County, North Carolina.

1900 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
99/99 William Rogers 35 MW head married-2years, b: Sep 1864 NC/--/NC farmer [James William "Willie" Rogers]
Caroline 28 FW wife married-2years, 1/1-children b: Dec 1871 NC/NC/NC [Caroline Sarah Kirkland]
Berdell 13 FW daughter single b: Dec 1886 NC/NC/NC [Harriett Berdell Rogers]
Gola P 8 MW son single b: Nov 1891 NC/NC/NC [Golham Pearson Rogers]
Nola E. 4 FW daughter single b: Oct 1895 NC/NC/NC
Maud M 1 FW daughter single b: Apr 1899 NC/NC/NC

100/100 John H. Brendle 45 MW head married-23 years, b: unk 1854 NC/NC/NC farmer
Patsy J 40 FW wife married-23 years 5/4-children b: May 1860 NC/NC/NC [Patsy Josephine Burns]
Henry M 18 MW son single b: Apr 1882 NC/NC/NC farm laborer
George C 8 MW son single b: Jul 1891 NC/NC/NC
Eliza A 7 FW daughter single b: Jan 1893 NC/NC/NC

117/117 Adeline Kirkland 66 WF head widow born October 1833, 4 of 5 children living NC/NC/NC [living: Laura, Josephine, Roxanna, James]
Elias Brendle 21 MW grandson single born May 1879 NC/NC/NC farm laborer [son of John Brendle and Patsy Josephine Burns]
Hattie B. Rodgers 12 FW granddaughter single born December 1887 NC/NC/NC [daughter of James William Rogers and Laura Bowers]

1900 November 6, North Carolina Birth Index; Bryson City, Swain County; William McKinley Rogers, white, male; Father - James W. Rogers; Mother - Sarah C. Rogers

1930 US Census, Cucamonga, San Bernardino, California
260/380 Clifford Rogers 23 MW head divorced AR/NC/NC laborer | in citrus house
Arthur 21 MW brother single NM/NC/NC laborer | general farm
Claude 19 MW brother single AR/NC/NC laborer | general farm
Vergil 17 MW brother single AR/NC/NC
William J 55 MW father married first age 21 NC/TN/NC laborer | general farm [James William "Willie" Rogers]
Caroline 53 FW mother married first age 19 NC/NC/NC
[Sarah Caroline Kirkland]

263/283 William Rogers 29 MW head married age 27 AR/NC/NC pressman | citrus packing [William McKinley Rogers]
Lucile 21 FW wife married age 19 AR/AR/AR
James W 2-7/12 MW son single OR/AR/AR
Noma Williamson 18 FW sister-in-law single AR/AR/AR packer | citrus

1940 US Census, Ontario, San Bernardino, California
418 East C Street
Vergil Rogers 26 MW head single AR, counter salesman | automotive parts
Sarah C Rogers 67 FW mother married, NC, residence 1935: same place [Sarah Caroline Kirkland]
Clifford Rogers 32 MW brother divorced AR, laborer | citrus packing house

941 North Street
James W. Rogers 73 head married, NC, residence 1935: Knoxville, TN
[James William "Willie" Rogers]

533 Ralston
Arthur Rogers 29 MW CA head married, residence 1935: same place; laborer | packing house
Jean R 27 FW TX wife married; residence 1935: Redondo Beach, Los Angeles; orange packer | packing house
Orval Lux 16 MW WY step-son single; residence 1935: Redondo Beach, Los Angeles

1940 US Census, Cucamonga, San Bernardino, California
William Rogers 38 MW head married NC 1935-same place, laborer | orange packing house [William McKinley Rogers]
Lucille 30 FW wife married AR 1935-same place, fruit packer | orange packing house
James 12 MW son single OR 1935-same place

1941 June 23, California Death Index entry for Sarah Caroline Rogers, born 17 December 1872 in North Carolina; died on 23 June 1941 at San Bernardino; Father - Kirkland [John "Bud" Kirkland]; Mother - Watkins [Polly Ann Watkins].

1949 January 14, Death Certificate of James William Rogers, born 17 October 1866 North Carolina; died 14 January 1949 Kern County, California. Father - Rogers [Sam Rogers]; Mother - Morris [Sarah Adeline Morris]

1971 October 7, California Death Index entry for Arthur D. Rogers, born 13 October 1909 in New Mexico; died 7 October 1971 in Placer County.

1974 June 17, California Death Index entry for Clifford Rogers, born 30 December 1903 in Arkansas; died 17 June 1974 San Bernardino.

1978 December 4, California Death Index entry for Claude William Rogers, born 24 December 1909 in Texas; died 4 December 1974 San Bernardino.

Sarah Adeline Morris and William E. Kirkland
William had a family with Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers (nee Morris), but no marriage record has been found. They had combined parts of their family from previous marriages (see 1870 US Census).  The date of the marriage can be estimated to be about 1868-1869, after the birth of Roxanna Rogers in about 1867-1868. It is clear that Sarah Adeline, age 48, with William E. Kirkland of the 1880 US Census was not Sarah Nations, who was 17 years old and at home with her parents, Jerry and Martha Nations.

1870 US Census, Qualla Town, Jackson County, North Carolina
22/22 William Kirkland 41 NC
Adeline 34 NC [Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers Kirkland, nee Morris]
Laura A. 11 NC [Laura A. Burns, daughter of William Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 4 Dec 1859]
Josephine 9 NC [Patsy Josephine Burns, daughter of Asbury Burns and Sarah Adeline Morris, born 1861]
Roxanna 3 NC [Roxanna P. Rogers, daughter of Samuel Rogers and Sarah Adeline Morris]
William 6 NC [William "General" Kirkland, son of William E. Kirkland and Elizabeth Watkins]

1880 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
81/82 Wm Kirklin 55 MW head NC/NC/NC farmer
Sarah A. 48 FW wife NC/NC/NC keeping house [Sarah Adeline Burns Rogers Kirkland nee Morris]
Josephine 20 daughter FW NC/NC/NC at home [Patsy Josephine Burns]
William 15 MW son NC/NC/NC laborer [William "General" Kirkland b.c1865]
Roxana 12 FW daughter NC/NC/NC at home [Roxanna P. Rogers]

1880 US Census, Nantahala Township, Swain Co., NC
21/21 Gerry Nations 55 MW GA/ - - / - - farming
Martha J 43 FW wife NC/ - - /NC keeping house
Josephine 19 daughter single FW NC/GA/NC farming lab
Sarah 17 FW daughter single NC/GA/NC farming lab [Sarah Nations, future third wife of William E Kirkland]
Charlott 13 FW daughter NC/GA/NC farming lab
James K 9 MW son NC/GA/NC
Robert Lee 1 MW son NC/GA/NC
Emmes L 4mo January FW gdaughter NC/GA/NC

For a time, William and Sarah Adeline Kirkland lived on land within the Qualla Boundary of the Cherokee Nation.  That land was deeded to her through her son, James William "Willie" Rogers and his wife, Laura Bowers, and also through William E Kirkland. Step-son William "General" Kirkland was reported to speak fluent Cherokee. Sarah was forced off the Qualla Boundary in these deed disputes (white trespassers) arising from William H. Thomas, the white Indian agent, later Cherokee chief, who sold land to white settlers, not Cherokees, on the reservation and who did not properly record the transactions.  Likewise, son-in-law John Brendle was deeded land on the Qualla Boundary by William and Sarah Adeline Kirkland in 1884.

United States vs Wm H. Thomas in equity. March 21, 1894 (Trespass on Indian Lands)
#22. Now claimed and occupied by Sarah A. Kirkland, by deed from J. W. Rogers and wife to S. A. Kirkland, October 2nd 1889 and not registered, also from William Kirkland and by deed of September 7, 18-- not registered. This land is part of land included in a 200 acre grant, issued to Thomas Jenkins. December 12, 1870.

#23. Now owned and occupied by John Brendle claims title through two deeds, one from William Kirkland and wife dated September 18, 1884, not recorded and one from J. A. Thompson to John Brendle dated March 6, 1881, registered in Book K, p 337.

These records of William E. Kirkland and Sarah Adeline deeding land to John Brendle suggests they were still married in 1884, but separated by 1894 when Sarah lived and occupied parcel 22 deeded to her by her son and her husband, William.

In 1900 Sarah Adeline Kirkland was living in Charleston, Swain County, without William. She was raising two grandchildren, one from Patsy Josephine Burns Brendle, and one from James "Willie" Rogers.  Living close by to the "widow" Sarah Adeline Kirkland are Jerry and Martha Cockerham Nations, but their daughter Sarah Nations was no longer living with them as she was in Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee as the 3rd wife of William E. Kirkland.

There is no indication of any children from the marriage of William Kirkland and Sarah Adeline Morris. In 1900, she is listed as a widow with 4 of 5 children still living. These were Laura Burns Cochran, Patsy Josephine Burns Brendle, James William "Willie" Rogers, and Roxanna P. Rogers Burns.  The identity of the fifth child (no longer living) and its father is unknown.  

1900 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
112/112 Jerry Nations 67 MW head married 45 years born July 1832 NC/SC/SC farmer
Martha J. 63 FW wife married 45 years 7 of 7 children living born May 1837 NC/NC/NC
Robert L 21 MW son single born Mar 1879 NC/NC/NC day laborer

117/117 Adeline Kirkland 66 WF head widow born October 1833, 4 of 5 children living NC/NC/NC
Elias Brendle 21 MW grandson single born May 1879 NC/NC/NC farm laborer [son of John and Patsy Josephine Burns Brendle]
Hattie B. Rodgers 12 FW granddaughter single born December 1887 NC/NC/NC [daughter of James William Rogers]

1910 US Census, Charleston Township, Swain County, North Carolina
Kirklin Creek Road
67/67 John H. Brendle 58 MW he ad married-1 33 years, NC/NC/NC farmer | house farm
P. Josafine 48 FW wife married-1 33 years, 4 of 5 children living, NC/NC/NC [Patsy Josephine Rogers]
George C 19 MW son single NC/NC/NC
Sarah A. Kirklin 83 FW mother-in-law widow, 4 of 5 children living, NC/NC/NC

The families of Sarah Adeline Morris:
1..Sarah Adeline Morris b: Oct 1833 in Rutherford, North Carolina, d: aft 1910 in Swain, North Carolina, Father: John M. Morris Mother: Nicey
...+ William Asbury Burns: m: Abt. 1860, b: 28 Sep 1838 in Macon, North Carolina, d: 26 Jun 1862 in Mechanicsville, Hanover, Virginia, Father: Uriah Burns, Mother: Sarah Burchfield
.......2 Laura A. Burns b: 07 May 1859 in North Carolina, d: 09 Oct 1918 in Waynesville, Haywood, North Carolina
...........+ Andrew Jackson Cockerham m: 14 Oct 1875 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Abt. 1863 in Macon, North Carolina, Father: Matthew Madison Cockerham Mother: Mira M. Cockerham
.......2 Patsy Josephine Burns b: 16 May 1861 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 29 Jun 1918 in Gastonia, Gaston, North Carolina
...........+ John H. Brendle m: 04 Feb 1877 in Swain, North Carolina, b: 14 Sep 1858 in Macon, North Carolina

...+ Samuel Rogers m: Abt. 1862
.......2. James William Rogers b: 17 Sep 1866 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 14 Jan 1949 in Bakersfield East, Kern, California
...........+ Laura Mae Bowers m: 24 Oct 1886 in Swain, North Carolina b: Abt. 1869 d: 1896 in Swain, North Carolina Father: Richard John Bowers Mother: Mary Wiggins
...........+ Caroline Sarah Kirkland m: 19 May 1898 in Swain, North Carolina, b: 17 Dec 1872 in Swain, North Carolina, d: 21 Jun 1921 in San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, Father: John B. Kirkland, Mother: Mary Ann Watkins
.......2. Roxanna P. Rogers b: Sep 1867, d: Aft. 1937 in Claiborne, Tennessee
...........+ W. Edward Davis m: 27 Nov 1884 in Swain, North Carolina, b: Abt. 1861
...........+ Samuel Taylor Burns m: 25 Feb 1893 in Claiborne, Tennessee, b: 02 Mar 1849 in Jackson, North Carolina, d: 10 Aug 1916 in Claiborne, Tennessee, Father: Uriah Burns, Mother: Sarah Burchfield
...........+ Elmer W. Marshall b: 15 Oct 1865 in Kentucky, d: 20 Oct 1937 in Arthur, Claiborne, Tennessee

....+ William E. Kirkland m: Abt. 1868
.......no issue

FAMILY OF WILLIAM E KIRKLAND AND SARAH NATIONS

In 1900 William lived in Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee with a much younger wife, Sarah Nations, and a younger, different family. William was married to the younger Sarah for 13 years (married c1887), consistent with a separation and/or divorce from Sarah Adeline Morris Burns Rogers Kirkland, who was living in Swain County, North Carolina in 1900 (see above). Sarah Nations married to William at about 24 years of age, when William was 57.  Assuming this was her first marriage, they had at least eight children. Six are listed on the 1900 US Census (Leander, William, Jack, George, Ida and James) and other records reveal sons Frank and Egle (Eagle?). Information has been found concerning Frank, Jack, William, and George, but nothing about Leander (probably the same person as Frank), Ida, James, and Egle Kirkland.

1880 US Census, Nantahala Township, Swain Co., NC
21/21 Gerry Nations 55 MW GA/-/- farming
Martha J 43 FW wife NC/-/NC keeping house
Josephine 19 daughter single FW NC/GA/NC farming lab
Sarah 17 FW daughter single NC/GA/NC farming lab [born c1863, future third wife of William E Kirkland]
Charlott 13 FW daughter NC/GA/NC farming lab
James K 9 MW son NC/GA/NC
Robert Lee 1 MW son NC/GA/NC
Emmes L 4mo January FW gdaughter NC/GA/NC

1900 Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee
District 10 #137
William Kirkland 70 MW head married-13years, born May 1830 NC/NC/NC miller [estimated marriage year of 1887]
Sarah 36 FW wife married-13years, born December 1863, 6 of 6 children alive NC/NC/NC [Sarah Nations]
Leander P. 14 MW son single, born August 1885 NC/NC/NC day laborer [age correlates to son Frank Kirkland, born August 1886]
William, Jr 12 MW son single, born January 1887 TN/NC/NC [this was a second son named William]
Jachariah 9 MW son, born June 1890 TN/NC/NC [Jack Kirkland]
George 6 MW son single, born August 1893 TN/NC/NC ["General" George Washington Kirkland]
Ida 4 FW daughter single, born January 1896 TN/NC/NC
James 2 MW son single, born October 1897 TN/NC/NC

William E. Kirkland filed a Cherokee claim in 1907 and named the children living with him and Sarah Nations in 1907. They were the youngest children, namely Jack, George, Ida and Egle. Missing was William "Billy" Kirkland born in 1895. William E Kirkland stated that Egle was born in February 1900, but since Egle was not listed on the 1900 US Census, it is more likely he was born after 1900. Another son, Frank Kirkland, who was likely listed as Leander in 1900, also filed a claim, named the same four children as his brothers and sister, and also named his mother as Sarah Nations.

1907 August 2Cherokee Claim of William E. Kirkland #39891, rejected
NameWilliam Kirkland
Address:Tellico Plains, Monroe County, Tennessee
Born:7 April 1830, Swain County, North Carolina
Married:Yes, Sarah Kirkland, age 41 (I think that is what it is)
Indian Tribe:Cherokee
Father:John Kirkland, born Swain County; died 1903; lived in 1851 in Swain County
MotherOma Kirkland, born Cock County, North Carolina; died 1886; lived in 1851 in Swain County
Mother's Maiden Name:Kirkland (cousins)
Parent's Enrolled:No
Brothers and Sisters:Rebecca Kirkland, living; Betsy Kirkland , dead; Hamp Kirkland, dead
Grandparents:Father's - James Kirkland and Susie Kirkland; born in Buncombe County; in 1851 lived on Cain Creek, Tennessee
Mother's - Jack Kirkland and Sallie Shelton; born Buncombe County; in 1851, all dead
Children of Grandparents:Father's side - Elij. Kirkland, John Kirkland, James Kirkland, Jesse Kirkland, Cris Kirkland, William Kirkland, Rebecca Kirkland, Rissie Kirkland
Mother's side - Benjamin Kirkland, Oma Kirkland, Polly Kirkland, Rebecca Kirkland
Children living with you on 28 May 1906:Jack Kirkland, age 15, born 10 August 1892, George Kirkland , age 12 born 11 April 1895, Ida Kirkland , age 10, born 11 April 1897, Egle Kirkland, born 4 February1900
Full Names of Parents and Grandparents to 1835:Applicant is son of John Kirkland he was son of James Kirkland, son of Nathan Kirkland who was a full Cherokee Indian. Also is son on his mothers side of Oma Kirkland daughter of Jack Kirkland , son of Nathan Kirkland. Claims through the Kirklands and Sheltons.
Names of Grandparent's Children:Hamp Kirkland, Rebecca Kirkland, Betsy Kirkland
Cling Nations, Jim Nations, Bob Nations,  Bal Nations, Jessee Nations, Charlotte Nations

The children of William E. Kirkland and Sarah Nations were:
1..William E. Kirkland b: 07 Apr 1830 in Buncombe, North Carolina, d: 22 Jan 1910 in Swain, North Carolina, Father: John Kirkland, Mother: Naomi "Oma" Kirkland
......+ Sarah Nations m: Abt 1886, b: Dec 1863 in Qualla, Jackson, North Carolina, d: Bef. Oct 1916, Father: Jeremiah Nations, Mother: Martha Jane Cockerham
............2 Leander P. "Frank" Kirkland b: Aug 1885/12 Aug 1886 in Swain, North Carolina, d: Bef. 1 Jul 1915
................+ Emma Sindella "Della" Clark m: 30 Jul 1902 in Unaka, Shoal Creek Township, Cherokee, North Carolina, Father: James Kimsey Clark, Mother: Emma Alsefine Hall
............2 William "Billy" M. Kirkland, Jr. b: Jan 1887/20 Apr 1887/11 Aug 1895/28 Oct 1895 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee; d: 20 Aug 1935 in Bessemer City, Gaston, North Carolina [never married]
............2 Jachariah "Jack" P. Kirkland b: 10 Aug 1892/Jun 1890 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee, d: Bef. 1 Jul 1915
................+ Lillie Jane Miller m: 18 May 1912 in Unaka, Shoal Creek Township, Cherokee, North Carolina.
............2 "General" George Washington Kirkland b:14 Aug 1893 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee, d: 27 Jun 1965 in Cramerton, Gaston, North Carolina
................+ Martha S. Kirkland b: 18 Sep 1901 in Swain, North Carolina, d: 04 Aug 1967 in Charlotte, Mecklenburg, North Carolina, Father: Abraham "Able" Kirkland, Mother: Samantha Jane Bowers
............2 Ida Kirkland b: Jan 1896/11 Apr 1897 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee [no further information]
............2 James Isaac Kirkland b: Oct 1897 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee [no further information]
............2 Egle "Jennie" Kirkland b: 4 Feb 1900/1901 in Madisonville, Monroe, Tennessee [no further information; not in 1900 US Census]

William E Kirkland died in 1910 and Sarah Nations Kirkland was dead prior to January 1915, leaving William "Billy" Kirkland (born 1895) an orphan. General Kirkland (William M.), his older brother, was appointed his guardian. Brothers Jachariah (Jack) and Frank were also dead by 1 July 1915 according to the guardianship accounting to R. M. Thomisson, Clerk of Superior Court. William reported the final accounting on a prescription form of JET Welch, MD, but it is unlikely that Dr. Welch had anything to do with the guardianship estate of Billy Kirkland.

1916-1919 Swain County, North Carolina Probate Accounts 1877-1919 Vol 1, page 475.
General Kirkland Guardian of William Kirkland
Jan'y 16                To check        $78.02
July 1 1915           Received of R M Thomisson CSC for death of Frank and Jack Kirkland        $72.00
General Kirkland his X mark
Witness: W C Buchanan

Report of W M Kirkland dated Oct 18, 1916
Received $72.00 Death of Mother
Expended all the money but eleven dollars up to date for clothing, shoeing including Doctor Bill seven dollars
Recpt W. M. Kirkland

Bal[ance]    $11.00
Spent Remainder of estate  $11.00 for clothing for Billy Kirkland
Mch 12, 1919

[letterhead] J. E. T. WELCH
[letterhead] Physician and Druggist    Bushnell, NC  Oct 18, 1916
Report W. M. Kirklin guardian for Billy Kirklin
Receive 72 dollars death of mother
Expended all money but eleven dollar up to date
For Clothing & Shoeing including Dr Bill seven dollars
Recpt W. M. Kirklin

Frank Kirkland. Frank Kirkland married Emma Sindella "Della" Clark on 30 July 1902 in Unaka, Shoal Creek Township, Cherokee County, North Carolina. Sindella was enumerated in the 1910 US Census in her father's home (James Kimsey Clark) in Cherokee County with her children Winslow and Golie Arvil, and all three were listed as Clarks, not Kirklands. Some claim Glennie Clark, also found in the James Kimsey Clark home, was another daughter of Frank and Sindella.  Frank's whereabouts after 1907 when he filed a Cherokee claim from Tellico Plains, Monroe County, have not been confirmed, although there is a Frank Kirkland in Monroe County in 1910, single, a logger under contract with William Mitchell McClure and wife Carrie K. Roberts, who later lived in Cherokee County.  Frank was dead by 1 July 1915. Frank's son, Winslow Ellis Kirkland, married Ora Lee Ledford, and lived in Shoal Creek Township, Cherokee County, in 1930 and 1940. Winslow died in Gwinnett County, Georgia, on 27 July 1976.  Golie Arvel Kirkland was born 14 December 1909 in Cherokee County and died 16 February 1915 in Beaver Dam Township, Cherokee County. His death certificate names his father as Frank Kirkland and mother as "Cintillar" Clark, both born in Swain County.

In his 1907 Cherokee claim, Frank named his mother as Sarah Nations, daughter of Jerry and Martha Nations.  However, Frank also stated that his mother was living in Jackson County in 1851, quite a feat for his mother who was born in about 1863. Therefore, it is possible that he was a son of Sarah Adeline Morris and William E. Kirkland, but Adeline did not claim him as her child in the 1900 US Census (4 of 5 children alive did not include Frank), and Sarah Nations did claim him (6 of 6 children alive, and listed, including Frank).

1902 July 27; license issued 27 July 1902; Cherokee County, General Index to Marriage Licenses. Frank Kirkland, age 18 white of Peachtree, North Carolina, to Sindella Clark, 19 white, of Peachtree, at bride's home, by W. H. Baker, M. G.; witnesses: Wm Clark, J. K. Clark.

1902 July 30; license issued 27 July 1902; Cherokee County Marriage Register. Frank Kirkland, age 18, white, to Sendilla Clark, age 18, white, by W. R. B. Bell, J. P., at W. R. B. Bell, Unaka, North Carolina; witnesses: N. B. Bryson, J. C. Cogdill, Phebe Bell.

1907 August 26 Cherokee Claim of Frank Kirkland & 1 Child #39307
Name:Frank Kirkland
Address:Tellico Plains, Monroe County, Tennessee
Born:12 August 1886 in Swain County, North Carolina, age 21
Married:Yes, Della Kirkland, age 22
Indian Tribe:Cherokee
Children living with you on 28 May 1906:Winslow Kirkland, age 2, born June
Father:William E. Kirkland, born Swain County, North Carolina; resided in 1851 in Jackson County; living
Mother:Sarah Kirkland, born Jackson County, North Carolina; resided in 1851 in Jackson County; living
Maiden Name:Sarah Nations
Enrolled:No
Brothers and sistersJack Kirkland born 10 August 1892, living; George Kirkland born 11 August 1895, living; Ida Kirkland born 11 April 1897, living; Egle born 4 February 1900, living
Grandparents:Father's side: John Kirkland, Oma Kirkland
Mother's side: Jerry Nations, Martha Nations
BornJackson County; residing in Jackson County, North Carolina in 1851
Names of Grandparent's Children:Hamp Kirkland, Rebecca Kirkland, Betsy Kirkland
Cling Nations, Jim Nations, Bob Nations,  Bal Nations, Jessee Nations, Charlotte Nations
Full Names of Parents and Grandparents through 1835:Applicant is son of William E Kirkland, son of John Kirkland, son of James Kirkland, son of Nathan Kirkland.  Claims through the Kirklands and Nations.

1910 US Census, Beaver Dam Township, Cherokee County, North Carolina
100/105 Kimsey Clark 67 WM head widow NC/NC/NC farmer | general farm
Sintilla 24 FW daughter married-7 years NC/NC/NC laborer | house farm
Dora 18 FW daughter widow NC/NC/NC laborer | house farm
Ira 17 MW son single NC/NC/NC laborer | house farm
Bettie 13 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC/ laborer | house farm
Jesse 10 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC laborer | house farm
Winslow 5 MW son single NC/NC/NC laborer | house farm [son of Frank Kirkland and Sindella Clark]
Glennie 3 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC/ laborer \ house farm
Garfield 2 MW son single NC/NC/NC [son of Dora Clark]
Arvel 4/12 MW son single NC/NC/NC [son of Frank Kirkland and Sindella Clark]
Gordon 0/12 MW son single NC/NC/NC [son of Dora Clark]

1910 US Census, District 19, Monroe County, Tennessee
160/161 William McClure 28 MW head married-2 0 years, NC/NC/NC contractor | tan bark & logging
Carrie 18 FW wife marriage-1 0 years NC/NC/NC
Frank Kirkland 19 MW boarder single TN/NC/NC laborer [born c1889, not sure if this is the correct person; there 29 other loggers in this camp]

1915 North Carolina Certificate of Death
Name: Golie Arvel Kirkland, white male, single
Place of death: Beaverdam, Cherokee County
Born: 14 December 1909 Cherokee County
Date of death: 15 February 1915
Cause of death: died without medical attendance
Father: Frank Kirkland, born Swain County
Mother: Cintillar Clark, born Swain County
Informant: Cintillar Clark, Ogreeta, North Carolina
Place of burial: Ogreeta, North Carolina, 17 February 1915

William "Billy" Kirkland. William and George Kirkland, and George's in-laws, some cousins, and others from the North Carolina mountain area, moved Gaston County, North Carolina in the textile belt, to work in the mills. These were low paying, long hour jobs, which tended to keep families in poverty. In 1929, violence erupted during a series of strikes organized by the communist party when workers unsuccessfully attempted to unionize . Some of the Kirklands left Gaston County and were back in Swain County in 1930 possibly to avoid the violence and find work, but there is no evidence that William and George left, even temporarily. William was a textile worker at American Mill #1 in Bessemer City. In 1930 a strike occurred at the mill to protest against a 30% wage cut, and again another strike occurred in 1934.  William died in 1935, malnourished and ill, an unemployed textile operator in Bessemer City, Gaston County.

William "Billy" Kirkland was born 11 August 1895 Swain County, North Carolina, died 23 August 1935 in Bessemer City, Gaston County.  The father named on his death certificate was William Kirkland and his mother was Sarah Nation. However, William's birth date stated on the death certificate was 28 October 1895. William "Billy" Kirkland was an orphan in 1915-1918 indicating that he was born after 1900. There was an older William Kirkland listed on the 1900 US Census as born January 1887 who is possibly a different William. 

1935 North Carolina Certificate of Death
Name: William Kirkland, male, white
Birth: 28 October 1895 in North Carolina
Place of death: Bessemer City, Gaston County
Date of death: 23 August 1935
Age at death: 39 years, 9 months, 25 days
Residence: American Mill #1, Bessemer City
Occupation: textile operator, cotton mill
Date last worked at occupation: July 1935
Cause of death: I saw this patient one time. It is my opinion he would have been living if he could have had proper food and medical attention.
Father: William Kirkland, born in North Carolina
Mother: Sarah Nation, born in North Carolina
Informant: G. W. Kirkland, Bessemer City
Burial: Bessemer City, 24 August 1935

Jack Kirkland. Jachariah "Jack" Kirkland was born on 10 August 1892 in Monroe County, Tennessee and married Lillie Jane Miller in Unaka, Cherokee County, North Carolina, in 1912. Sindella Clark Kirkland, Jack's sister-in-law, was one of the witnesses. Jack was dead by 1 July 1915. Many family researchers misread the census of 1900 in Monroe County, Tennessee, and call this man "Zachariah" but close inspection reveals his name was "Jachariah". In 1910, two years prior to his marriage, a son, Horace Kirkland is living in his household.

1900 Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee
Civil District 10
137  William Kirkland 70 MW head married-13years, born May 1830 NC/NC/NC miller [estimated marriage year of 1887]
Sarah 36 FW wife married-13years, born December 1863, 6 of 6 children alive NC/NC/NC [Sarah Nations]
Leander P. 14 MW son single, born August 1885 NC/NC/NC day laborer [age correlates to son Frank Kirkland, born August 1886]
William, Jr 12 MW son single, born January 1887 TN/NC/NC [this was a second son named William]
Jachariah 9 MW son, born June 1890 TN/NC/NC [Jack Kirkland]
George 6 MW son single, born August 1893 TN/NC/NC ["General" George Washington Kirkland]
Ida 4 FW daughter single, born January 1896 TN/NC/NC
James 2 MW son single, born October 1897 TN/NC/NC

1910 US Census, Monroe County, North Carolina
Civil District 14
492/504 Jacariah Kirkland 17 MW head single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
George 16 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
Isaac 12 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | odd jobs [James Isaac Kirkland]
Jennie 11 FW sister single TN/TN/TN [Engle "Jennie" Kirkland]
Horace 3 MW son single TN/TN/TN

1912 May 19, license issued 18 May 1912, Cherokee County (North Carolina) General Index to Marriage Licenses and Cherokee County Marriage Register. Jack Kirkland, 25, white of Unaka, Cherokee County, North Carolina to Lillie Jane Miller, 25 white of Unaka, by R. L. Hampton at Unaka; witnesses: John Johnson of Unaka, Cintella Kirkland of Unaka.

General George Washington Kirkland. George Washington "General" Kirkland married Martha Kirkland, his first cousin once removed. George died on 27 June 1964 in Cramerton, Gastonia, Gaston County, North Carolina. His death certificate stated that his mother was Sarah Nation and father was Will Kirkland. His date of birth stated on his death certificate of 14 August 1883 is inconsistent with the 1900 US Census (born August 1893), the Cherokee Claims of his father and brother (11 August 1895) and his World War I draft registration and on his grave stone (14 August 1895).

1900 Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee
Civil District 10
137  William Kirkland 70 MW head married-13years, born May 1830 NC/NC/NC miller [estimated marriage year of 1887]
Sarah 36 FW wife married-13years, born December 1863, 6 of 6 children alive NC/NC/NC [Sarah Nations]
Leander P. 14 MW son single, born August 1885 NC/NC/NC day laborer [age correlates to son Frank Kirkland, born August 1886]
William, Jr 12 MW son single, born January 1887 TN/NC/NC [this was a second son named William]
Jachariah 9 MW son, born June 1890 TN/NC/NC [Jack Kirkland]
George 6 MW son single, born August 1893 TN/NC/NC ["General" George Washington Kirkland]
Ida 4 FW daughter single, born January 1896 TN/NC/NC
James 2 MW son single, born October 1897 TN/NC/NC

1910 US Census, Monroe County, North Carolina
Civil District 14
492/504 Jacariah Kirkland 17 MW head single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
George 16 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
Isaac 12 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | odd jobs [James Isaac Kirkland]
Jennie 11 FW sister single TN/TN/TN [Engle "Jennie" Kirkland]
Horace 3 MW son single TN/TN/TN

1917 June 5, World War I Registration Card, Whittier, Swain County, North Carolina
Name:                   General George Washington Kirkland
Age:                       21
Home address:      Whittier, North Carolina
Date of birth:        14 August 1895
Place of birth:       Madisonville, Ten U. S. A. [Monroe County]
Occupation:           Farming
Employer:              Abe Kirkland
Where employed:   Whittier, R #2
Dependents:           Wife
Race:                       Caucasian

1920 US Census, Gastonia Township, Gaston, North Carolina
911 Short Street out of Weldon Street
Able Kirkland 53 MW head married NC/NC/NC laborer | with brickmen [Abraham Kirkland, 1st cousin to William E. Kirkland]
Samantha 45 FW wife married NC/NC/NC
Albert 27 MW son divorced NC/NC/NC carder | cotton mill
Mary 12 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC
May 6 FW daughter single NC/NC/NC
Alex 16 MW son single NC/NC/NC
George 23 MW son-in-law married NC/NC/NC carder | cotton mill [George W. Kirkland, son of William E and Sarah Nations Kirkland
Martha 18 F daughter married NC/NC/NC [Martha S Kirkland Kirkland, wife of George W Kirkland]
Abe 18 MW nephew single NC/NC/NC laborer | brick work
Bart Patrick 55 MW boarder single NC/NC/NC/ laborer | brick work

1924 Gaston County, North Carolina Deed Index. Grantee: S Martha Kirkland, Grantor: Minnie and RW Barnhill, Book 182, page 162 for 2 lots Jno W Groves lands S Pt Township

1926 Gaston County, North Carolina Deed Index. Grantor: S Martha Kirkland, Grantee: Wateree Power Co, Book 204, page 205 for 2 lots bank of South Fork of river, S P Township

1940 US Census, Bessemer City, Crowder Mountain Township, Gaston, North Carolina
8 Alabama Avenue
George W. Kirkland 39 MW head married TN 1935-lived in same place, card grinder | cotton mill
Martha S 38 FW wife married NC [Martha S, nee Kirkland, daughter of Abraham (Able) Kirkland and Samantha J. Bowers]
Margaret A 7 FW daughter single NC

1942 September 26 The Gastonia (N.C.) Daily Gazette.  Matters of Record. Land Transfers.
A. S. Herron to George Kirkland and wife Martha Kirkland 12 acres

1946 July 24 The Gastonia (N.C.) Daily Gazette.  Matters of Record. Land Transfers.
C. A. Hoyle to Martha Kirkland two lots of Hoyle property, Gastonia Township
G. W. Kirkland and wife to C. A. Hoyle 12 lots of Hoyle property., Gastonia Township
C. A. Hoyle to Martha Kirkland four lots of Hoyle property, Gastonia Township
Paul H. Cloninger and wife to Hampton Kirkland and wife nine acres. Dallas Township [Frank Hampton Kirkland, grandnephew of William E. Kirkland Sr]

1964 June 27 North Carolina Certificate of Death #18186
General George Washington Kirkland, age 80
Born: 14 August 1883 Tennessee
Resided: Kirkland Road, Cramerton, Gaston County, North Carolina
Occupation: Textiles
Died: 27 June 1964 coronary thrombosis
Buried: 28 June 1964 Greenwood Cemetery, Belmont, North Carolina
Spouse: Martha Kirkland
Father: Will Kirkland
Mother: Sarah Nations
Informant: Mrs. George Kirkland, Cramerton, North Carolina

Greenwood Cemetery, Belmont, Gaston, North Carolina
General George W. Kirkland
Born: 14 August 1895
Died: 27 June 1964

1966 March 17 Thursday, The Gastonia (N.C.) Daily Gazette. Deaths and Funerals
W. Albert Kirkland
Belmont - Funeral services were to be held for W. Albert Kirkland, 51 Center St. who died Wednesday at 12:40 pm at Gastonia Hospital at the age of 73.
Conducting the 4 pm rites in the Twin Oaks Chapel of Bumgardner Funeral Home was to be the Rev. Charles D. Aldridge of the Four Square Gospel Church. Burial was to follow in the Cramerton cemetery.
The retired farmer was born May 26, 1892 in Swain County, the son of the late Abe and Samantha Bowers Kirkland.
He is survived by four sisters, Mrs. Paul Funderburk of Belmont, Mrs. Martha Kirkland and Mrs. Mary Crisp of Cramerton, and Mrs. Jerry Hennepin of New Orleans.

Martha Kirkland
Born: 18 September 1900
Died: 4 August 1967

Ida, James Isaac, Engle, and Jennie Kirkland.  Ida  Kirkland was enumerated in 1900 in the family of William E. Kirkland and Sarah Nations. She was living in 1907 as documented in the Cherokee Claims of William E. Kirkland and Frank Kirkland, which gave her date of birth as 11 April 1897.  She was not living with the youngest children in 1910 in Monroe County, Tennessee in the household of Jack Kirkland. No further information.

1900 Madisonville, Monroe County, Tennessee
Civil District 10
137  William Kirkland 70 MW head married-13years, born May 1830 NC/NC/NC miller [estimated marriage year of 1887]
Sarah 36 FW wife married-13years, born December 1863, 6 of 6 children alive NC/NC/NC [Sarah Nations]
Leander P. 14 MW son single, born August 1885 NC/NC/NC day laborer [age correlates to son Frank Kirkland, born August 1886]
William, Jr 12 MW son single, born January 1887 TN/NC/NC [this was a second son named William]
Jachariah 9 MW son, born June 1890 TN/NC/NC [Jack Kirkland]
George 6 MW son single, born August 1893 TN/NC/NC ["General" George Washington Kirkland]
Ida 4 FW daughter single, born January 1896 TN/NC/NC
James 2 MW son single, born October 1897 TN/NC/NC

1910 US Census, Monroe County, North Carolina
Civil District 14
492/504 Jacariah Kirkland 17 MW head single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
George 16 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | saw mill
Isaac 12 MW brother single TN/TN/TN laborer | odd jobs [James Isaac Kirkland]
Jennie 11 FW sister single TN/TN/TN [Engle "Jennie" Kirkland]
Horace 3 MW son single TN/TN/TN

James Kirkland was enumerated in 1900 as age 2, born October 1897 in Tennessee. In 1907, both William E. Kirkland listed the children living with him as "Jack Kirkland born 10 August 1892, living; George Kirkland born 11 August 1895, living; Ida Kirkland born 11 April 1897, living; Egle born 4 February 1900, living." Missing was James. Frank, in his 1907 Cherokee Claim, listed the same brothers and sisters, but no James. In 1910, he was apparently the brother enumerated as Isaac Kirkland, age 12, born in Tennessee, due to age.

Engle Kirkland was only identified in the 1907 Cherokee Claims of William E. Kirkland and Frank Kirkland.  Her date of birth of 4 February 1900 meant he/she should have been enumerated in the 1900 census, unless there is an error in the date of birth.  In 1910, Jennie Kirkland appears as a sister of Jack, George and Isaac Kirkland. From her age, she was likely "Engle Kirkland."


Sincerely, George Baumbach, Email:


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