Pimsleur's Mandarin Vocabulary

I created this list to help me study Mandarin Chinese using Pimsleur's self-instructional audio. The Pimsleur technique stresses learning by listening, but it is convenient from time to time to be able to be able to look up a word you have forgotten.
The list is by no means complete. The vocabulary is from Mandarin I and the beginning of Mandarin II. Most entries come from CEDICT. A few I constructed myself. Special thanks to Philip Ries and Nanda Lu for corrections.


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Connecting words, question words, prepositions

因為 因为 yīn wèi /because/owing to/on account of/
可是
kě shì /but/however/

zhēn /real/true/genuine/
然後 然后 rán hòu /after/then (afterwards)/after that/afterwards/
為什麼 为什么 wèi shén me /why/for what reason/
幾點 几点 jī diǎn /what time?/when?/
shén /what/
甚麼 什么 shén me /what/
甚麼是 什么是 shén me shì /what is ...?/

gēn /to follow/to go with/heel/with/and/
一起
yì qǐ /together/

/(negative prefix)/not/no/

/also/too/
對不起 对不起 duì bù qì /I'm sorry/pardon me/forgive me/
請問 请问 qǐng wèn /may I ask.../
或者
huò zhě /or/possibly/maybe/perhaps/
qǐng /to ask/to invite/please (do sth)/to treat (to a meal, etc)/to request/

Modifiers


tài /highest/greatest/too (much)/very/extremely/
guì /expensive/noble/your (name)/precious/

hěn /very/extremely/
很多
hěn duō /very many/very much/great (quantity)/
一點兒 一点儿 yì  dianr3 /a bit/a little/

gòu /enough/

/big/huge/large/ major/great/wide/ deep/oldest/eldest/

kuài /fast/quick/swift/
cháng /length/long/ forever/always/ constantly/

duǎn /lack/short/
總是 总是 zǒng shì /always/
從來不 从来不 cóng lái /never/
有時候 有时候 yǒu shí hou /sometimes/



Family and People
先生
xiān sheng /sir/mister/teacher/(title of respect)/
太太
tài tai /married woman/Mrs./Madam/wife/

rén /man/person/people/
兒子 儿子 er2 zi /son/
女兒 女儿 nǚ er2 /daughter/
家人
jiā rén /household/(one's) family/
朋友
péng you /friend/
小孩
xiǎo hái /child/
同事
tóng shì /colleague/co-worker/

Verbs
chī /eat/

yǒu /to have/there is/there are/to exist/to be/
喜歡 喜欢 xǐ huan /to like/to be fond of/

xiǎng /to think/to believe/to suppose/to wish/to want/to miss/

jiào /to (be) call(ed)/

/to go/to leave/to remove/
mǎi /buy/

kàn /it depends/think/to see/to look at/
kāi /open/operate (vehicle)/start/
guān /(surname)/mountain pass/to close/to shut/to turn off/to concern/to involve/
開門 开门 kāi mén /open (the) door/

dāi /stay/delay/

zhù /to live/to dwell/to reside/to stop/
認識 认识 rèn shi /be acquainted with (a person)/to know/to be familiar with/to recognize/
工作
gōng zuò /job/work/
construction/work/task/
知道
zhī dao /know/be aware of/
明白
míng bai /clear/obvious/unequivocal/
to understand/to realize/

/my goodness/to drink/

/to go/to leave/to remove/
gěi /to/for/for the benefit of/to give/to allow/to do sth (for sb)/(passive particle)/
shuō /to speak/to say/

yào /important/vital/to want/to be going to/must/

zuò /to regard as/to take (somebody) for/to do/to make/

jiào /to (be) call(ed)/
gòu /to reach/to be enough/
jìn /advance/enter/to come in/

děi /to have to/must/ought to/to need to/
jiàn /to see/to meet/to appear (to be sth)/to interview/


Pronouns

/I/me/myself/

/you/

/he/him/

/she/

/it/
她們 她们 tā men /they/them (for females)/
我們 我们 wǒ men /we/us/ourselves/

Beverages


chá /tea/tea plant/

shuǐ /water/river/
啤酒
pí jiǔ /beer/
葡萄酒
táo jiǔ /(grape) wine/

Places

商店
shāng diàn /store/shop/
飯店 饭店 fàn diàn /restaurant/
酒店
jiǔ diàn /wine shop/pub (public house)/
飛機場 飞机场 fēi jī chǎng /airport/

jiē /street/

dào /direction/way/ method/ road/ path/ principle/ truth/
reason/skill/ method/Tao (of Taoism)/a measure word/to say/to speak/to talk/

/(surname)/road/path/way/
中國 中国 zhōng guó /China/Chinese/
美國 美国 měi guó /America/American/
United States of America/USA/
洗手間 洗 手间 xǐ shǒu jiān /bathroom/"wash hand room"

Misc things
英文
yīng wén /English (language)/
名字
míng zi /(a person's) name/

xìng /surname/family name/name/
東西 东西 dōng xi /thing/person/
飛機 飞机 fēi jī /airplane/
班期
bān qī /schedule (for flight, voyage, etc.)/
午飯 午饭 wǔ fàn /lunch/
晚飯 晚饭 wǎn fàn /supper/

/letter/symbol/
character/word/
mén /opening/door/ gate/doorway/ gateway/valve/ switch/ way to do something/ knack/
family/house/(religious) sect/school (of thought)/class/ category/phylum or division (taxonomy)/
英文
yīng wén /English (language)/
普通話 普通话 pǔ tōng huà /Mandarin (common language)/Putonghua (common speech of the Chinese language)/
工作
gōng zuò /job/work/construction
/work/task/
qián /(surname)/coin/money/
港幣 港币 gǎng bì /Hong Kong currency/Hong Kong dollar/
公共汽車 公共汽车 gōng gòng chē /bus/


Direction and Location

右邊 右边 yòu biān /right (as opposed to left)/
左邊
左边 zuǒ biān /left/
yuǎn /far/distant/remote/

qián /before/in front/ago/former/previous/earlier/front/

Time

昨天
zuó tiān /yesterday/
今天
jīn tiān /today/at the present/now/
明天
míng tiān /tomorrow/
早上
zǎo shang /early morning/
晚上
wǎn shang /in the evening/
現在 现在 xiàn zài /modern/current/present/at present/now/nowadays/

tiān /day/sky/heaven/
星期
xīng qī /week/

nián /year/
時間 时间 shí jiān /time/period/
有時間 有时间 yǒu shí jiān /to have time/

Measure Words

bēi /cup/a measure word/
tiáo /measure word for long, thin things (i.e. ribbon, river, etc.)/a strip/item/article/
kuài /yuan (unit of currency)/fast (of a watch)/swift/rapid/happy/
joyful/soon/quick/(a measure word, for cloth, cake, soap)/
/(a measure word)/individual/

Numbers

/one/single/a(n)/

er4 /two/
liǎng /both/two/ounce/some/a few/tael/

sān /three/

/four/

/five/5/

liù /six/

/seven/7/

/eight/8/

jiǔ /nine/9/

shí /ten/

bǎi /hundred/

qiān /thousand/