Nine thousand or more years ago people lived on the land that is now Davie County. Labeled "Paleo-Americans," they seem to have traveled in small groups and hunted the mammoth, mastodon, wild horse, camel, and ground sloth. They left spears, arrowheads, tools and charcoal from their fires along the banks of the Yadkin river. Freshets, erosion, plowing and excavations have uncovered remains and aritifacts which date these people and tell something of the life of these earliest inhabitants of the Yadkin River area.

Approximately 175 arrowheads found on the west side of the Yadkin at Cooleemee Plantation have been classified by Dr. Joffre L. Coe of the University of North Carolina and Dr. James Bingham, of Lexington, president of the North Carolina Archaeological Society. One of these arrowheads, a Hardaway, is some 9000 years old; and several others date back 8000 to 8500 years. This collection contains arrowheads from many different peoples and of different periods of time from about 7000 B.C. to the eighteenth century.

The earliest written records about Indians who were on the Yadkin River in Piedmont North Carolina name four small tribes, all of Siouan origin. They were the Sauras, the Saponas, the Tutelos, and the Keyauwee. There may have been another tribe or sub-tribe called the Yattken.