Carpet is an important element that enhances the decor of any space. When
purchasing carpeting, you must consider several factors to ensure that you are selecting
the appropriate carpeting for your area.
How to Select Carpeting
Following is a step-by-step guide on how to select carpeting
for your next project.
||Evaluate the amount and flow of traffic as well
as the dynamics of the area. For example: Does the area receive a lot of direct sunlight?
From what direction does the major traffic flow occur?
||Determine the quantity of carpeting needed for
the area. Carpeting is measured in square yards of an area. To calculate square yardage,
multiply the length of the area by its width, then divide that figure by 9. Always
increase the square yardage required by 10% to account for pattern match and allowance for
12' wide material in smaller rooms.
||Establish a budget for your carpeting project.
Make sure padding, installation, furniture movement, and any other needs are included.
||Select a color that enhances the
decor of the area. For example, if you want your area to appear larger, then select a
light color; if you want your area to seem warm, choose a dark color.
Once you have completed the above steps, you must consider
carpet construction, fiber content, and textures. The following definitions will aid you
in making your next carpeting purchase.
Carpet Construction refers to the method of locking or
tufting the yarn into a backing, which impacts the texture, durability and appearance of
Types of Carpet
||Loop Pile: Approx. 52%
of new carpet styles are loop pile. Carpet loops are not cut, so the loops form the carpet
surface. This carpet type is best suited for high traffic areas.
||Cut Pile: Approx. 38.5
of new carpet introductions are cut pile. The loops are cut, resulting in
individual yarn tufts.
||Cut and Loop Pile: This
pile is a combination of loop and cut yarns, which creates a carved or pattern appearance.
It has excellent soil hiding properties.
Approximately 97% of all carpet manufactured use synthetic
fibers, such as Nylon, Olefin, Polyester, and Acrylic. The primary characteristics of
synthetic fibers are style, easy maintenance and high value. Following are the five basic
types of carpet pile fibers.
Nylon: About two-thirds
of all pile fibers produced in the United States are made with nylon. The major features
are wear-resistant, brilliant color, conceals and resists soils and stains.
Olefin: One of the most
color fast and naturally stain resistant fibers produced. Primarily used for outdoor
areas, especially for sport surfaces, or light traffic indoor areas. High densities and
twist levels are required for commercial applications.
Polyester: Soft fiber
that is stain resistant, dyes easily and cheaper than nylon. Generally used as temporary
floor covering or in areas that are light traffic, such as a guest bedroom or a formal
Acrylic: Noted for
appearing and feeling like wool at a lower cost. It is known for its moisture and mildew
Wool: Naturally soil
resistant, but stains easily. High quality wool carpeting products should be purchased in
the Berber or super dense plush form.
Cotton: Susceptible to
crushing and absorbs a lot of moisture making it difficult to keep clean.
Performance is determined by the type of fiber used and the
way that carpet is constructed. Factors in evaluating performance includes the following:
Density: Refers to how
tightly the pile yarn tufts are packed together and bound into a carpet backing. The
denser the pile, the higher the quality of carpeting.
Twist: Refers to the
winding of the yarn around itself. A tighter twist provides greater durability and texture
Gauge: Refers to the
number of stitches across the width of the carpeting in a one inch span.
Stitches per inch: Refers
to the number of stitches across the length of the carpeting in a one inch
Pile Height: Refers to
the distance between the backing to the top of pile.
Tuft Bind: Refers to the
ability of yarn to withstand pulls; the number of pounds required to pull a tuft from the
Heat setting: Refers to
the method of setting the twist of the yarn, either suessen or autoclave set.
Scouring: Refers to the
removal of the oil lubricants from solution dyes and fibers either in nylons or olefins.
Carpeting requires a solid foundation which increases its
comfort and durability. Residential padding should be a maximum of 7/16" thick. Other
benefits of padding are insulation and noise reduction. Commercial padding is usually
1/4" thick and can be stretched over or double glued by adhering the pad to the floor
and the carpet to the pad.
If you have questions that cannot be answered with the above
information, please send us an e-mail. We will answer your questions within 24
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