This document provides abundant evidence to illustrate the Colonial Fanchers found in Stamford, Stratford, and Branford, Connecticut were in all probability descendants of Long Island, New York Fanshaws. Recent intensive research has brought forth a strong new candidate for the father of the original Colonial Fanchers. Specifically shown in this work:
Number One-William Fancy/Fanshaw, and family, of Brookhaven Town, Long Island, New York are almost certainly the ancestors of all of the Colonial Fanchers, and, therefore, most modern day Fanchers in the United States
Number Two-There is no document, evidence, or anything to show a relationship between David Faucher and Marthe (Des Fontaines) and the Colonial Fanchers.
Number Three-The origin of the Fancher surname in America is the English
Fanshawe/Fanshaw surname. The Fancy/Fanshaw family of Brookhaven, Long Island, New York is
most likely from this family in England.
What Is Contained In This Document
This document shows that the Fancher Family in America descends from the Fancy/Fanshaw Family of Long Island, New York. It presents William Fancy/Fanshaw, Jr., of Setauket, Brookhaven Town, Long Island, Suffolk County, New York as the father of the Colonial Fanchers who were found in Stamford, and Stratford, Fairfield County around 1730, and Branford, New Haven County, Connecticut around 1720.
We believe the evidence presented here is more than sufficient to meet the Genealogical Proof Standard, which is the criterion for judging the persuasiveness of evidence, even in circumstances where records have not survived or were never created. (This type of situation is not uncommon when researching families living more than three centuries ago. With the passage of time, papers and records deteriorate, are lost, or destroyed. The Brookhaven area churches on Long Island, that may have contained the vital records of this family, were destroyed during the British occupation of Long Island during the Revolutionary War. William Fancy/Fanshaw, Sr.s 1677 inventory lists a family bible, but the antiquity of that record makes it very unlikely it has survived. William Fancy/Fanshaw, Jr. left no Last Will and Testament, Bible, or any known record, that names his children.)
This document also shows that the spelling of the surnames of Richard Fancher, John Fancher, and David Fancher was predominately "Fanshaw" in the early Connecticut records. It establishes the connection between the Fanshaw, Fancher, and Fancy spellings of our family surname, and presents convincing new evidence that the origin of the Fancher family name in America was the English Fanshawe surname. Previous researchers either did not inspect the original records or disregarded the evidence of the majority of "Fanshaw" recordings for our Fancher ancestors, and did not pursue the Fanshaw family name. Those researchers have provided us with a wealth of information, and in their defense, they did not have as many published records, or the modern Internet to use, in their research.
One of the focuses of our research was an examination of the original records. Modern publishers, or transcribers, in some cases have changed the spelling, or indexed records under "Fansher", or "Fancher", giving a false impression of how the surname actually appeared in the original records. People in England, familiar with the Fanshawe name, pronounce it as "FAN-shur", which very properly was phonetically translated as Fansher and Fancher in colonial spellings. (The accepted spelling in England is "Fanshawe"; in the Colonial records, the final "e" was historically dropped from the spelling.)
In early Colonial America, the Fanshaw name is found in only three areas other than Connecticut: "Old Town" (now Setauket), Brookhaven Town, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York; Norfolk, Virginia Currituck County, North Carolina; and Newport, Rhode Island. There is no known connection between the Norfolk Fanshaws (who may have been descendents of Richard Fanshaw who arrived in Virginia in 1635) and William Fancy/Fanshaw (who was found in the New Haven Colony in 1643, and later became an original proprietor of Setauket). The Newport, Rhode Island reference to Fanshaw is a single 1704 affidavit about a commercial transaction, and there is no other indication that anyone of that name lived there.
The Fanshaw surname links the Connecticut and Long Island families together. William Fancy is first seen in records of the New Haven Colony in 1643, and next in Southold, Long Island about 1652, before appearing in Old Town (Setauket, Brookhaven) about 1660. William Fancy and his family members are mentioned many times from 1660 to the 1690s in the Old Town records published as the Brookhaven Town Records. Fancy is a variant spelling of the Fanshaw name that is also found many times in these records. After the early 1690s, "Fanshaw" was used almost exclusively in the Old Town and Suffolk County records.
One of the early Fancher traditions is that the original family members came from Long Island to Connecticut. In times when populations were confined to the Atlantic Seaboard and there were only very elementary transportation means, wooden ships and wagons, it stands to reason that Fanshaws of Long Island and Fanshaws of Connecticut, located directly across the Long Island Sound from each other, were of the same family branch. This connection was never made by any genealogists until 1999 when Mrs. Alison Wallner, Rochester Hills, Michigan found the Fancy/Fanshaw family of Long Island while searching the modern day Internet. At least one earlier family genealogist had seen Brookhaven Town Records published in 1882, but had not pursued or researched this family for some reason.
For years, some people have mistakenly believed that the Colonial Fanchers were children of David Faucher and Marthe Des Fontaines of the French Church on Threadneedle Street, London, England. This has come about because William Hoyt Fancher merely opined in his 1947 book that John Fancher might have been the Jean Faucher born to David and Marthe. There is no evidence or link to connect Jean Faucher to Colonial America or the Fancher family. This mistaken relationship has been spread widely and fostered by unsubstantiated information submitted to the LDS (Mormon) Church database.
The following pages contain detailed information about the Long Island Fancy/Fanshaws, Connecticut Fanshaw/Fanchers, and London Fauchers.
The following seven people are believed to be the earliest people in the Colonies to have been known by the family name "Fancher":
Catherine Fancher- married August 14, 1717 in Branford, New Haven County, Connecticut to Ebenezer Elwell, and died about 1743/4, eight children, born 1721-1736. (Estimated birth date 1687-1697.)
William Fancher-married November 20, 1723 in Branford, New Haven County, Connecticut to Thankful Thompson, and died August 20, 1759, fourteen children, born 1724-1751. (Estimated birth date 1693-1703.)
Hannah Fansher/Fancher-married June 6, 1728 in Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut to Joseph Garnsey, six children, born 1729-1739. (Estimated birth date 1698-1708.)
David Fanshaw/Fancy/Fancher-living in Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut by December 1741, five children. Wife unknown. (Estimated birth date 1698-1708.) As late as 1758, his son was also recorded with the surname of Fancy.
Richard Fanshaw/Fansher/Fancher-living in Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut by 1728, seven children, born 1731-1744. Wife Martha, surname unkniown. (Estimated birth date 1700-1710.) The predominant recording of his surname was Fanshaw until about 1741/2 when he removed to Morris County, NJ.
John Fanshaw/Fansher/Fancher-living in Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut by 1735, married November 1736 in Stamford to Eunice Bouton,ten children, born 1737-1757. (Estimated birth date 1712-1716.) The predominant recording of his surname was Fanshaw until about 1752.
Joseph Fancher- of Cape May County, New Jersey, who was married before March 28, 1747 to a granddaughter of Richard Downs, was a contemporaryof the six above, who were found in Connecticut. (Estimated birth date 1710-1720.)
In Colonial America on Long Island New York, at a place called Setauket, in Brookhaven Town in Suffolk County, a settlement of several families was established around 1660 that included the family of William Fancy and his second wife, Katherine. His first wife was called "Goodie" or "Goodwife" in New Haven, Connecticut records 1643 to 1646, and apparently died before he arrived at Setauket. His children were Samuel, Joseph, Hannah, William, Jr., and Rachel.
Below is the evidence that points to William Fancy, Jr., the son of William Fancy, as the father of the Colonial Fanshaw/Fanchers, and other information that should be considered in arriving at this conclusion.
ONE-Earliest research and family information states the Fanchers settled permanently on Long Island before going to Connecticut. Judge Enoch Fancher researched before 1866 and stated "Two brothers came to Americaand settled somewhere on Long Island to begin their lifes work." W. S. Potter, J. R. Clark, and W. H. Fancher thought the Fanchers they were researching came from Lloyds Neck, Long Island. Setauket and Lloyds Neck are only about 25 miles apart.
TWO-Early research and information also states John Fancher, Richard Fancher, and Hannah (Fancher) Garnsey were at Stamford, Connecticut "about 1730". Richard "Fanshaw" and Hannah "Fansher" appear in Stamford records in 1728 and John "Fanshaw" in 1734/1735
THREE-William Fancher, John Fancher, Richard Fancher, David Fancher and Hannah (Fancher) Garnsey all named a son William. No other male given name appears in these families with such a high degree of frequency. Hannah (Fancher) Garnsey named her first son Joseph, after her husband and his father, and her second son William. Richard and John named their first sons after themselves and their second sons were named William. When Richards first son William died, he named another son William, which indicated the importance of that given name. The naming patterns of the Fanchers strongly indicate their fathers name was William.
FOUR-William Fancy, William Fancy, Jr., and Richard Fancy used the same cattle mark on Long Island, indicating their relationship. William, Sr. registered the mark and William, Jr., gave it up in 1720. Richard registered the same mark in Islip Town in 1726. He probably had received livestock from William, Jr. and let them graze in Islip Town. Father, son, and grandson would have used the same mark.
FIVE-William Fancy, Jr. and Richard Fancy appeared in identical court cases in Suffolk County, New York, March 13, 1727, i.e., Sundry Indians versus William Fancy and Sundry Indians versus Richard Fancy. To have been in the same court, the same day, involved in the same type case would indicate that William, Jr. and Richard had some type of relationship.
SIX-The similarity of names of the eldest Colonial Fanchers to those of the William Fancy Family. William Fancy, Jr. s father was William, his mother was Catherine, his sister was Hannah, and his brother-in-law was David.
Extensive research has recently provided especially persuasive evidence that Fancy and Fancher are both spelling variants of the Fanshaw surname. (See FANSHAWE -The Origin of the Fancher Surname in America) Briefly, the surname of Fancy family members was spelled Fanshaw in some instances on Long Island. David Fancher is also recorded as Fancy and Fanshaw in the original Stratford, Connecticut records and the Fancy spellings also appears in later generations for known Fanchers. An examination of the original Stamford, Connecticut records has revealed that both John and Richard Fanchers surname was recorded primarily as Fanshaw until after 1740. Strong corroborating evidence is also provided in the records of the Fanshaw family of Norfolk County, Virginia and Currituck County, North Carolina (no known relationship to the Fanchers at this time). Beginning in 1715, the Fansher and Fancher spelling variants turn up frequently in these southern Fanshaw family records for more than 100 years.
William Fancy, Jr. fits the correct time frame for the father of the Colonial Fanchers. William Fancy, Jr. may have been born 1658-1662. His fathers Will does not specifically state he was a minor but does direct that he is to receive his inheritance upon the death of his mother. The Town of Brookhaven gives him land in 1679 as if he were an adult. He could have been in his mid to late 30s when he began his family. This is probably older than most people when they begin their family, but not unusual. William Fancy, Jr. had some financial problems in his earlier years and may have waited to be married.
Richard Fancy was in Islip in 1726 and appeared in court in Suffolk County in 1727, and Richard "Fanshaw" (Fancher) was on a Stamford Tax List in 1728. There is no conflict in dates. Richard Fancy in Islip, Long Island could have moved to Stamford, Connecticut. He is not listed in more than one place in any one year. From Stamford, Connecticut, Richard Fancher went to Roxbury, Morris County, New Jersey, an area that was predominately settled by families originally from the Southampton, Southold, and Brookhaven areas of Long Island.
The distance between the Fancy/Fanshaws in Long Island and the Fancher/Fanshaws in Stamford, Stratford, and Branford, Connecticut was only a short trip directly across the Long Island Sound.
It can be easily seen that there are many positive points that can connect the Colonial Fanchers with William Fancy. William Fancy, Jr. would have probably been in his thirties when he began his family, but this is not all that unusual.
David Faucher of the French Church, Threadneedle Street, London, England
David Faucher and his wife Marthe Des Fontaines were in the French Church on Threadneedle Street in London, England and are shown in the church records 1696-1707. After 1707 they disappear from the church records and no researcher has been able to find this family or its individual members. Their children were Jean, Elizabeth, Marthe, Ester, Suzanne, and Jean David.
Listed are the things to be considered when looking at David Faucher and Martha Desfontaines as parents of the Colonial Fanchers:
David Faucher can oly be connected by a very slender thread; the similarity in appearance of the Faucher surname to the Fancher surname. There is no evidence on any level, that links David Faucher with the Colonial Fanchers.
Findings Of The Authors
The weight of evidence indicates the William Fancy/Fanshaw Family of Long Island are the progenitors of the people who took the surname Fancher.
During the course of several years, an examination of every original Fancher colonial record was made. Additional information on the migration patterns, the close interaction between Long Island and Connecticut families, studies of the families associated with the Fancys on Long Island and those associated with the Fanchers in Connecticut and New Jersey, the histories of the places involved, religious histories, and other supporting evidence was all carefully taken into consideration.
The remainder of this work is more detailed information about these families and supporting documentation of these conclusions.