Osage County, Missouri Genealogy Resources

What's new?

1. Link to partial 1850 Osage County Missouri Federal Census, indexed and annotated.

Welcome to my home page, genealogy is my passion. If you have ancestors that lived in Osage County, Missouri before 1880, then they are in my database. Individuals that married, purchased land, paid taxes, applied for citizenship, died with a will or a tombstone, were baptized or appeared as a juror, or were for some other reason in the county court records are included. As of July 2004 there are 100,813 individuals in my data base: 9,700 immigrants; 9,500 pioneer settlers; 25,000 children born/baptized in Osage County, Missouri before 1880; over 7,000 ancestors of immigrants and pioneer settlers; the remainder are descendants born after 1880. Every marriage from 1841 to 1941 is in my data base, my goal is to identify the parents and children of every couple married in Osage County.

If you have ancestors that lived in Osage County before 1880, tell me about your family. I will be happy to exchange information. You can email me at mgentges@mindspring.com.

I do not charge to assist descendants of these early Missouri families. In many cases it is easiest for me to send a gedcom file. This file provides source information and notes on your ancestors. Corrections and additional information are welcome. If you do not have a program that can import a gedcom file you can go to familysearch.com and download Personal Ancestral File for free. PAF 3.0 the program I use costs 15.00.

A Brief History

The settlement of Osage County is a study in our Nation's history. The Indian families that lived in the area enjoyed the bounty of its rivers and streams, with fish and wildlife in abundance. The Osage County hills still offer game for the hunters and successful fishing. French trappers ventured west from St. Louis following the Missouri River, which serves as the northern border for Osage County. The Maries River on the west, and the Gasconade River on the East, define its east-west borders. Travel by water opened the stream and riverbanks to settlement. The river boarders also served as a barrier to the development of commerce.

The Pioneer settlers came westward as early as 1810, purchasing land in Franklin County, MO. By 1822, the land was part of Gasconade Co, MO. Osage County was formed in 1841. In 1855, the bottom part of Osage County was given to form the top half of the new Maries County. The earliest settlers were from Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky and the Carolina's. Many men had served in the War of 1812, and my research has identified two hundred Revolutionary War ancestors of these Osage/Maries County settlers. The earliest German families came in the middle 1830's with the settlement of New Westphalia, on the Maries River. A group of French immigrants settled in Dauphine, now Bonnot’s Mill, near the site of the early French Village. Settlers from the Rhineland started arriving in 1837, the first Bavarians in the 1840's. The children of the pioneer settlers were glad to sell their land and move further west. Immigrant and pioneer settler alike went west in a Wagon Train bound for the Gold fields of California (the 1850 Census for Osage County shows "G to C" for those individuals). 1850 brought a cholera epidemic that is thought to have resulted in the death of half the population. The Civil War was also a difficult time for the citizens of Osage County. A few of the earliest settlers had brought slaves. Most settlers from New England, Pennsylvania, and the immigrants from England and Europe did not own slaves nor agree with the practice. Before and during the Civil War several families with southern roots moved to Arkansas and Texas, northern families moved to Kansas. Many of those that supported the North and served in the Union Army, moved on after the War. The German immigrant families and their descendants stayed put.

Many early town names have changed. Remembered only in names of cemeteries, or voting precints. Modern post office requirements have omitted the apostrophes that identified the name of a town with the founding family. Towns located along the river banks have been washed away, and many early railroad towns are modern suburbs. A directory of the early towns of Osage County can be found here.

My most recent publication is an Annotated 1850 Census for Osage County Missouri. Published by the Mid-Missouri Genealogical Society, it is fully indexed. With 1084 families there are 850 endnotes providing marriage date and place of the couple, and explanations of other marriages. This project expanded my research to include families in present day Maries County, especially those that have their roots in the southern portion of Osage County that became Maries County in 1855. To order, send $20.00 plus $ 1.50 for postage to: Mid-Missouri Genealogical Soc. Inc, P.O. Box 715, Jefferson City, MO 65102. An addendum page for this 1850 Annotated Census of Osage Co is located here.

Currently I am extracting the 1850 census for the USGenWeb Census Project. This is a work in progress, to facilitate proof reading and take advantage of the knowledge of the various family genealogist, I am posting each township to my web site as transcribed. The annotation process is taking a considerable amount of time, so I have decided to post the entire census transcription, and to finish annotating the census after the entire census is transcribed. When completed the entire transcribed 1850 census will be posted to the Missouri WebGen Census Project pages. Corrections and comments are welcome. Link to the 1850 census index here.

There is a Maries County Historical Society, and several books have been published to assist the family genealogist in their search of their Missouri roots. Address: P.O. Box 289, Vienna, Missouri 65582

I recommend membership in the Osage County Historical Society. It is an active society that publishes a monthly newsletter and has extensive holdings of materials on Osage County. Membership is $15 for individuals and $20 for a family. They maintain a museum and research room at the Zewicki House. Phone 573 897-2932. P. O. Box 402, Linn, MO 65051. Open 10 to 12 and 1 to 4 on Wednesday and during the summer months on Sunday. It is best to call before visiting. They publish inquiries on a space available basis, and maintain a collection of pedigree charts.

The Osage County Historical Society maintains a web site (July 2004 address) http://osagecounty.org/ The site contains links to other resources for genealogical research in Missouri.

For information from the Missouri State Archives, go to http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/ They will accept on line requests. The rules are the same as request by snail mail. One request at a time from indexed county records with in the time frame of the event. Include your name and snail mail address.

To connect to the http://www.rootsweb.com/~moosage/vosage.htm USWEBGEN Project for Osage County.

Bibliography of Osage County resources.   This page contains a listing of the many resources used in my 35 years of research on Osage County history. Consider it a suggested reading list :-)

Osage County ancestors who served in the Revolutionary War.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~mackley/census_page.htm Ed and Sandy Mackley have posted scanned images of Missouri census records. As of August 2002, Osage County's 1850 census and Gasconade Co MO 1830 and 1840 census records are on line.

Missouri is blessed with many volunteer genealogist such as the Mackleys who have created websites to assist in your research, DeVere Whitaker is another such individual his site for Miller County familes can be found here. From that site is a link to Peggy Hake the Miller County Genealogists site “Out of the Past”.

http://www.rootsweb.com/ A great resource, a must visit.

http://familysearch.org/ Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Internet access, also visit your local Family History Center.

http://usgenweb.org/ Visit every U.S. County in your search

http://www.genforum.com/ Ancestry Genforum, Site by family and location.