Useful Resources

Mary Lou McCloskey's Resource Pages

Background on Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce

Photos of Chief Joseph and his reservation home.

The Nez Perce today

Map of the Nez Perce Trail in the Nez Perce National Park

Memories of Chief Joseph by a descendant.

Looking Glass. Famous Nez Perce warrior.  Photos.

Toolhulsote A wise old man of the Nez Perce.

He who led the young men   Chief Joseph's younger brother, Olikut, was the leader of the warriors.



Surrender Speech of Chief Joseph
WebText by Mary Lou McCloskey, Ph.D.

Chief Joseph's Land, by David Manuel 

I Will Fight No More Forever

Surrender Speech by Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce

I am tired of fighting.  Our chiefs are killed.  Looking Glass is dead.  Toohulhulsote is dead.  The old men are all dead.  It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led the young men is dead.
     It is cold and we have no blankets.  The little children are freezing to death.  My people, some of them, have run away to the hills and have no blankets, no food.  No one knows where they are--perhaps freezing to death.  I want to have time to look for my children and see how many I can find.  Maybe I shall find them among the dead.
     Hear me, my chiefs.  I am tired.  My heart is sick and sad.  From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.

Big Hole National Battlefield

     Joseph was chief of the Nez Perce, a Native American tribe of the Wallowa Valley in Northwest Oregon.  In 1877 the Nez Pierce  were ordered to a reservation, or special land reserved for Native Americans.  The Nez Pierce refused to go.  Instead, Chief Joseph tried to lead 800 of his people to Canada.  Fighting the U.S. Army all along their 1100 mile journey, they crossed Idaho and Montana.  They were trapped just forty miles from Canada.  After a five-day fight, the remaining 431 remaining Nez Perce were beaten.
     It was then, on October 5, 1877 at Bears Paw,  that Chief Joseph made his speech of surrender.                                                      back to top

Map of the Nez Perce Trail

  • Wallowa Band Nez Perce Trail Interpretive Center   
  • Nez Perce National Historical Park
  • Photo with graphics 
  • Chief Joseph Speaks 
    If you have comments or suggestions, 
    email Mary Lou McCloskey
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