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NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY (NSA)


Ft. George G. Meade, Maryland


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HISTORY

NSA had a longstanding interest in speech communication, carrying
on intramural research and supporting extramural research. The 
funding of the Glace-Holmes synthesizer ("JAWORD") was just one
rather minor part of the extramural program, which included at one 
time or another support of work at Haskins Laboratories, MIT, 
University of Michigan, Ohio State University, and the University 
of Southern California. The synthesizer was modeled on the JSRU 
parallel synthesizer [see SSSHP UK JSRU], with some minor engineering
improvements. The copies manufactured on contract by Electronic
Associates, Inc., were made available without charge to academic and
government researchers. Distribution to the academic recipients was 
made through Office of Naval Research (ONR) equipment loans.
 
[from Dr. Ignatius G. Mattingly, 4/26/99]

 
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PROJECT: DESIGN OF A TERMINAL ANALOG SYNTHESIZER (19   - 19   )
 
 
1965 Mattingly, I.G. and D. Glace, "A Resonance Synthesizer for
     Speech Research," a proposal circulated among prospective
     users, December, 1965.  **** need copy ****
 
 
A development system using a synthesizer obtained from JSRU. 
(See SSSHP UK JSRU).
     
1966 Scott, R.S., D.A. Glace, and I.G. Mattingly, "A computer-
     controlled on-line speech synthesizer system, Digest of
     technical papers, 1966 IEEE International Communications
     Conference, Paper TA 18.1, pp. 104-5, Philadelphia, IEEE.
     Parallel resonance synthesizer connected via D/A converters
     to Digital Equipment Corp. PDP-1, and controlling program, 
     AUTOMAT. User can construct synthesizer control data directly
     or as breakpoints of straight-line segments. (I)

     TAPE ?
 
 
Design of a manufacturable version of the Holmes and Shearme synthe-
sizer (see SSSHP UK JSRU).  
 
 
1968 Glace, D.A. "Parallel resonance synthesizer for speech
     research", J. Acoust Soc Amer, 44, 391 (A) (1968).  (I)

     Glace, D.A., "A parallel resonance synthesizer for speech
     research," Electronic Associates Incorporated, undated
     draft. Description of synthesizer as extension of Holmes 
     and Shearme synthesizer at JSRU. Formant tuning was 
     accomplished by pulse-ratio modulation of the loop gain of
     the operational amplifier formant circuits.  Computer control
     was accomplished by nine D/A channels.  Called the "Glace-
     Holmes synthesizer", or "JAWORD synthesizer". Addition of 
     fricative resonators and mixed excitation. Block diagram and 
     range of synthesizer parameters.

     Tape ?  (Paper mentions comparison utterances for JAWORD and
              Holmes/Shearme synthesizers.)

     Additional records:

     - Graph, "Pulse excitation of JAWORD speech synthesizer as a
       function of F0 parameter input, 10/23/68"

     - Blueprints: Fifteen 12"x18" prints of synthesizer circuit
       diagrams

     - Synthesizer block diagram

     (above records in SSSHP USA NSA file)
 
 
1969 Thirty synthesizer models had been constructed (personal
     communication from Douglas Hogan to H.D. Maxey, 5/16/69)
 
 
19   Establishment of SOUGHS (Society of Users, Glace-Holmes
     Synthesizer). (See SOUGHS in SSSHP USA Air Force Cambridge
     Research Laboratories for list of 24 synthesizer owners).

     Tape ?
 
 
19   Carlson, Carl W.A.: On the establishment of a standard
     format for exchange of data for the synthesizer among the
     users, NSA document. (In SSSHP USA AFCRL file)
 
 
1969 Mattingly, Ignatius G., "Programming for the Glace-Holmes
     Synthesizer", 77th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of
     America, Philadelphia, April 8, 1969. Tutorial session on
     the use of the Glace-Holmes speech synthesizer. (Copy in
     SSSHP USA NSA file.)

     Tape ?
 
 
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BIOGRAPHIES


DOUGLAS L. HOGAN

1954 S.M., MIT
1948 NSA Ft. Meade, MD.
1968 NSA Exceptional Civilian Award
1976 Retired from NSA
     Senior Scientist, Sparta, Inc., McLean VA
1986 Deceased


ROBERT S. SCOTT

1966 NSA, Ft. Meade, MD
19   PhD, Univ. of Mich.
     NSA, Senior Scientist, Ft. George G. Meade MD
1989        , Univ. of Maryland


DONALD A. GLACE

1966 NSA, Ft. Meade, MD
1986? Deceased


IGNATIUS G. MATTINGLY  (see SSSHP USA Haskins Laboratories)


JAMES MURPHY  (May have tape recordings)


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REVIEW AND CONTRIBUTION BY:

   Dr. Ignatius G. Mattingly
   Haskins Laboratories
   270 Crown Street, New Haven, CT 
 
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Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project
Division of Information Technology and Society
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AMERICAN HISTORY
Smithsonian Institution - Washington, D.C. 20560