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Dragon Ball article published in Animerica Vol. 8, No. 7, July 2000
This article was written by and is copyrighted to Patricia Duffield and may not be reproduced in part or whole without permission.

DRAGON BALL is not just popular, it's a global phenomenon. With Akira Toriyama's distinctive, appealing style and his characters which mature and evolve, there's much more to DRAGON BALL than a simple super-hero story. From cold hearted megalomaniacs to kooky eccentrics, from slap-stick to tragedy, the characters and stories in this series are fantastically diverse. The hero, Goku, is wonderfully innocent, despite his remarkable martial abilities. It's his pure-hearted faith that there is good in all people which sways the minds of many a villain and allows our hero to be the source for much comedy. With all this going for it, it's easy to see why this action-packed series has been published in over a dozen languages and aired in at least two dozen countries around the world. DRAGON BALL is universally appealing; there's something in it for everyone.

DRAGON BALL IN JAPAN
In December of 1984, the first issue of Akira Toriyama's DRAGON BALL ran in the weekly comic anthology, Shonen (long o) Jump. Little did anyone expect that this charming comedy-adventure would eventually become one of the most famous anime series in the world. Following Toriyama's first smash hit, the phenomenally successful Dr. Slump, DRAGON BALLwas initially written to be a short series. Based loosely on Saiyuki (long u), the classic Chinese collection of tales about the original Son Goku (commonly known as The Journey to the West, in English), the story was only meant to be a single adventure to collect the dragon balls. Hoping for another hit, Toriyama was encouraged to change the original premise of the story. After sending Goku to training, introducing Kuririn, and creating the concept of the great martial arts competition, the Tenka'ichi Budokai (long o), the popularity of the comic grew until it became one of Shonen (long o) Jump's top selling titles. By then, the TV series was already in production.

The first episode of DRAGON BALL aired February 26, 1986 and quickly became one of the top rated animated shows in Japan. Over the course of this 153 episode series, viewers saw Goku fight in three Tenka'ichi Budokai (long o), battle numerous villains, and eventually marry Chi-Chi. During this time, DRAGON BALL established itself as a household name and a merchandising success. The departure from DRAGON BALL's original comedy-oriented story to the more serious, battle-oriented series it had become was highlighted with the beginning of the second series, DRAGON BALL Z. Viewers didn't have to wait between the two; DRAGON BALL Z started April 26, 1989, exactly one week after the end of DRAGON BALL. This second series lasted for 291 action-packed episodes, ending February 1, 1996. DRAGON BALL Z was immediately followed by a series independent of the comic, DRAGON BALL GT, which ran for 64 episodes, until November 19, 1997. By then, the comic series had long since finished. The last issue ran in May, 1995, bringing the adventures of Goku and his friends to an end after 515 chapters.

DRAGON BALL IN THE U.S.
Anyone reading this probably knows VIZ is publishing the DRAGON BALL comics in English. Other than being divided into DRAGON BALL and DRAGON BALL Z, the comic part of DRAGON BALL in the US is pretty straight-forward: Fans will get to experience all of DRAGON BALL if they read the comics. There's a lot more to the TV show, however, than FUNImation and the Cartoon Network.

This may come as news to many fans, but DRAGON BALL has been broadcast numerous times in the US. Various independent international stations, like the premium cable channels Nippon Golden Network and the International Channel, have aired both subtitled and straight Japanese versions of the TV series since the early 1990's. Fans who've been lucky enough to have access to such stations have had the chance to see all of DRAGON BALL and most of DRAGON BALL Z. The subtitled version, produced and distributed by FCI (Fuji Communications), ran through all of DRAGON BALL and over 100 episodes of DRAGON BALL Z. Sadly, the subtitled episodes had to be cut short due to new copyrights for the show. Also available to fans in many parts of the country, DRAGON BALL Z is being broadcast in Spanish by Telemundo, a network of US stations which cater to Hispanic viewers.

So we have Japanese, Japanese with subtitles, and Spanish. What about English? It seems Harmony Gold owned the distribution rights to DRAGON BALL and Dr. Slump for a number of years in the 1980's. Although no official source will say so, at least five episodes were dubbed by Harmony Gold as pilots for the series. The first and third movies were also dubbed and edited together to form a single, longer film which aired on several small stations around the country. The pilot episodes were apparently test-marketed on various independent networks. The response was so lack-luster, however, nothing more ever came of it, and Harmony Gold seems to have forgotten it ever happened. What was it like? Most of the names were changed: Goku was named Zero, Bulma was Lena, Oolong was Mao-Mao, Yamcha was Zedaki, etc. An opening theme which followed the original tune was produced, and among the voice cast was Reba West, probably best known to fans as Lynn Minmei from Robotech. Despite heavy editing, it was still an amusing, action-packed show. Perhaps with more receptive station managers or better PR, the US could have experienced DRAGON BALL six or eight years earlier.

Produced by FUNImation and distributed by Saban, English DRAGON BALL returned to the US in 1995. After the first season of 13 episodes of DRAGON BALL, FUNImation leapt 140 episodes to start the second season with DRAGON BALL Z. They felt DRAGON BALL Z'sbattle-oriented story would be more successful with US audiences. Doubling up the episodes, fans were treated to an awesome hour of DRAGON BALL Z a week for the 13 weeks during which new episodes ran. After two seasons and 53 episodes of DRAGON BALL Z, FUNImation left Saban for the Cartoon Network. There, the series has become one of the king pins of Toonami, the most popular set of shows the Cartoon Network airs. Coinciding with this move to cable, FUNImation changed voice studios and cut back on editing. FUNImation has also brought out the first two DRAGON BALL and the first three DRAGON BALL Z movies. Though no promise has been made to release all the DRAGON BALL series and movies, fans can be sure new episodes are due out this fall on the Cartoon Network. Perhaps, if the DRAGON BALL Z TV show continues to be a success in the US, more of the original series and movies will become available in English.

DRAGON BALL AROUND THE WORLD
DRAGON BALL is not a phenomenon limited to Japan and the US, a simple fact to which any of our readers who are from other countries or speak other languages can likely attest. Mexico has published most of the comics and is currently up to DRAGON BALL GT on TV.Fans living in areas which broadcast Telemundo have been able to watch DRAGON BALL Zvirtually uncut in Spanish. Canadian fans who know French have been able to buy the imported French versions of the comic since 1994. The Cartoon Network has brought DRAGON BALL Z to Portugese speaking countries of Latin America and many others. DRAGON BALL is everywhere.

Naturally, the New World is not the only part of the globe hooked on DRAGON BALL. Since the series was originally based on a classic Asian tale, it's not too surprising to discover DRAGON BALL has had a great deal of success all over Asia. DRAGON BALL has been published and/or aired in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines. DRAGON BALL has also had plenty of success in Europe, with French, Spanish, Italian, German and, more recently, English versions of the comic available for fans. Plus, DRAGON BALL has now aired in at least half a dozen European countries. In some ways, other countries have been much kinder to the series than the US, for many have published the comic sooner and aired more of the shows with less editing. France, for example, has already published the first 40 comics, aired all of DRAGON BALL and DRAGON BALL Z, released all the movies, and will soon be finished with DRAGON BALL GT. Portugal, Thailand and the Philippines have also seen all of the first two TV series. So many countries have seen more of DRAGON BALL than we have. If you have any doubt that DRAGON BALL is a global phenomenon, just surf the web to see how many great sites are dedicated to this series, so many sites which are NOT in English or Japanese!

 

DRAGON BALL
In the beginning, there was laughter. DRAGON BALL started out as a comedy-adventure. With many allusions to the tales of the original Son Goku of Asian legend, our young hero, a naive boy with a tail and a magic staff, joins the search for the seven mystic dragon balls. When all the dragon balls are brought together, the Eternal Dragon, Shenlong, can be summoned to grant one wish. Goku, our hero, is inherently content so long as he has a full stomach. It is his clever and determined teenaged companion, Bulma, who wants the Dragon's wish to get a good- looking boyfriend. During their adventures, they meet more quirky characters who add spice and humor to the story. There is the lecherous old hermit, Kame-sen'nin, the girl-shy warrior, Yamcha, the shape-changers Pu'ar and Oolong, and the diminutive blue megalomaniac, Pilaf, who wants the Dragon's wish to rule the world. After the first adventure, the story turns it's focus to fighting, as Goku goes into training with Kame-sen'nin and gets a rival in the form of a sly, noseless, boy named Kuririn. Together, they train for the ultimate marital arts competition, the Tenka'ichi Budokai (long o). During their training, Goku's guileless, forgiving nature changes his cynical, opportunistic companion, transforming Kuririn into a loyal, life-long friend. Goku unwittingly does this again and again over the course of the whole series. It is one of Goku's most amazing powers, and one of the things which makes DRAGON BALL so good. Once the Budokai (long o) is over, Goku sets off to train on his own, fighting badguys wherever he goes. Despite martial-arts becoming the main focus of the story, DRAGON BALL never forgets to make it's audience laugh. This isn't even half the story, though. There's still plenty to look forward to, including two more Tenka'ichi Budokai (long o) and one of the best villains ever, Piccolo Daimao (long o).

DRAGON BALL Z
DRAGON BALL Z started with a bang. After introducing the surprise new character, Gohan, Goku's son, the tone of the show turned fairly serious, as exemplified by the death of the main character in the fifth episode! From there, things go from bad to worse, with little book- wormish Gohan left in the care of the ominous green warrior, Piccolo, and all the heroes of Earth training in hopes of defeating an approaching menace. This threat to the world comes in the form of two powerful Saiyans, Nappa and Vegeta, who seek Earth's dragon balls to achieve immortality. This is another of the many surprises in this series. Our favorite hero and villain discover they are not from this world! Though both Goku and Piccolo insist that Earth is their home, Goku, it turns out, is one of the last of his race, the Saiyans, and was sent to conquer Earth as a child. Piccolo (and Kami-sama) is from the planet Namek, which also has a set of dragon balls. This is a good thing, too, for in the battle with the Saiyans, Piccolo dies. Because of Piccolo's symbiotic relationship with him, Kami-sama also dies, taking the power of Earth's dragon balls with him. Without the use of Earth's dragon balls, the only hope for bringing back those who died fighting the Saiyans is to use Namek's dragon balls. So Kuririn, Gohan and Bulma head to Namek only to discover a new villain, Freeza, is also after Namek's dragon balls. Naturally, our heroes face plenty of dangers in their adventures on this distant world. Once the battles on Namek are over, there's plenty more to come. In the next saga, something from Goku's past comes back to haunt him and threatens the future of the world. There's even one more big story after that, filled with strange new baddies and awesome new powers.

DRAGON BALL GT
DRAGON BALL GT has not had an easy go of things. Many fans object to it because it continues beyond the scope of the comics, and Akira Toriyama had no significant input for the series. Others object because the show seems to break many of the ‘rules' created by the first 444 episodes. Still more have problems because the quest-like beginning, which harkens back to the original DRAGON BALL, was abandoned about a third of the way through, and the series turned its focus to the familiar territory of fierce battles and power escalation. It is in DRAGON BALL GT where Goku achieves the, perhaps ridiculous but seriously cool looking, power level of Super Saiyan 4. Despite all the apparent faults, the show is a pretty good one. Shrunk to kiddie size by the unintentional wish of a geriatric Pilaf, Goku must set off across the galaxy to fetch back the dragon balls. These are no ordinary dragon balls, but ultimate dragon balls, created before Kami-sama and Piccolo Daimao (long o) split into two separate beings. These powerful dragon balls exact a high price for their use; if they are not returned in one year's time, the Earth will be destroyed! Naturally Goku and his companions are the right people for the job. In the end, the story's conclusion is far more profound than that of the comic and DRAGON BALL Z TV series. Fans who actually watch through all 64 episodes of DRAGON BALL GT are treated to an ending which has a feeling of finality, as opposed to the open ending offered by it's predecessors.

DRAGON BALL MOVIES -Gotta' Watch ‘em All!
Some of you may have noticed that there are a few things in the DRAGON BALL movies which just don't seem to fit. There's a reason for that. It's because they don't. Many long-time fans consider the movies to be alternate realities or stories about other dimensions. Once you think about it, you can see why. The first time Goku, Bulma and the gang meet, eventually the dragon Shenlong is summoned by power-hungry Pilaf, and his wish is foiled by Oolong. In the first DRAGON BALL movie, Shenlong no Densetsu (Curse of the Blood Rubies, in English), our heroes meet again for the first time. In the end, the food-obsessed King Gurumesu's wish is foiled by a girl named Panzy. The other two DRAGON BALL movies are equally different from the TV show and comic. Although it seems the DRAGON BALL Z movies try a little harder, they also don't fit too well. In Kono Yo de Ichiban Tsuoi Yatsu (The World's Strongest, in English), Goku has trained with Kaio-sama (long o) and Gohan has trained with Piccolo. Together with Piccolo, they fight the villain du jour. Problem is, in the comic and TV show, Piccolo died while Goku was en route from Kaio-sama's (long o) world. There is no pre-Super Saiyan period of time in which both Goku and Piccolo are alive together on Earth after Gohan has been trained. The movies are riddled with these inconsistencies, but that's to be expected, considering what they are.

These movies were made in Japan for holiday film festivals. Families take their kids to the theater during spring, summer or winter break to watch collections of films based on popular TV shows. This is why they're all about one hour long. These films are made for holiday fun, not to intrude upon the story in the show or comic. Since the movies do not open at the same time all over Japan, it would be almost impossible to coordinate the plots of the films and the show to coincide with each other. So don't worry about trying to make the movies fit into the TV show, just enjoy them for what they are: fun extra stories about your favorite characters!

DRAGON BALL MOVIES
1. DRAGON BALL Shenlong no Densetsu (DRAGON BALL Legend of Shenlong) released 12/20/86
Our heroes meet and find themselves in competition for the dragon balls with greedy King Gurumesu. Available in English as Curse of the Blood Rubies

2. DRAGON BALL Majinjo (long o) no Nemuri Hime (DRAGON BALL Sleeping Princess in Devil's Castle) released 7/18/87
Kame-sen'nin sends his new pupils, Kuririn and Goku, to find the legendary ‘Sleeping Princess' as a training exercise. Can they escape Lucifer, the vampiric Lord of Devil's Castle and his many minions? Available in English as Sleeping Princess in Devil's Castle

3. DRAGON BALL Makafushigi Daiboken (long o) (DRAGON BALL Great Adventures of Profound Mystery) released 7/23/88
Kame-sen'nin takes his pupils to the world-famous Mifan Empire's Martial Arts Competition. There, evil Tsuru-sen'nin and his brother, Taopaipai, will stop at nothing to collect the dragon balls.

DRAGON BALL Z MOVIES
1. DRAGON BALL Z (Ora no Gohan o Kaese!! (Give Me Back My Gohan!!)) [according to most resources, this movie was just named "DRAGON BALL Z" and the rest was added later] released 7/15/89
Gohan is kidnaped! Goku and Piccolo must team up to prevent Garlic Jr. from conquering the world. Available in English as Dead Zone

2. DRAGON BALL Z Kono Yo de Ichiban Tsuyoi Yatsu (DRAGON BALL Z The Strongest Guy in the World) released 3/10/90
Dr. Willow* wants a new body and only the world's strongest will do.
*A site selling FUNImation videos lists the name as Wheelo. Please choose the one you want to use. Available in English as The World's Strongest

3. DRAGON BALL Z Chikyu (long u) Marugoto Chokessen (long o) (DRAGON BALL Z The Ultimate Decisive Battle Over Earth) released 7/7/90
Goku look-alike, Taurus*, has come to Earth to sap the world of it's energy using the Tree of Might.
* A site selling FUNImation videos lists it as Turles. Please choose the one you want. Available in English as The Tree of Might

4. DRAGON BALL Z Super Saiyajin da Son Goku (DRAGON BALL Z Son Goku Is the Super Saiyan) released 3/9/91 A powerful villain, Slug, comes to Earth in search of the dragon balls.

5. DRAGON BALL Z Tobikkiri no Saikyo (long o) Tai Saikyo (long o) (DRAGON BALL Z The Best of the Strongest vs. the Strongest) released 7/20/91
Freezer's big brother, Cooler, comes to Earth to avenge his sibling's defeat on Namek.

6. DRAGON BALL Z Gekitotsu!! 100 Oku Power no Senshitachi (DRAGON BALL Z A Violent Clash!! Soldiers with 10 Billion Power Points) released 3/7/92
Metal Cooler turns his sights on Namek.

7. DRAGON BALL Z Kyokugen Battle!! San Dai Super Saiyajin (DRAGON BALL Z The Ultimate Battle!! Three Great Super Saiyans) released 7/11/92
Cyborgs #13, #14 and #15 are after Earth's Saiyans.

8. DRAGON BALL Z Moetsukiro!! Nessen Ressen Chogekisen (long o) (DRAGON BALL Z Ignite!! Hard Fight, Furious Fight, Super Severe Fight) released 3/6/93
Goku's not the legendary Super Saiyan!? The heroes head to another planet to meet the Saiyan Broli.

9. DRAGON BALL Z Ginga Girigiri!! Butchagiri no Sugoi Yatsu (DRAGON BALL Z From the Edge of the Milky Way!! An Incredibly Amazing Guy) released 7/10/93
Aliens infiltrate the Tenka'ichi Budokai (long o) in an attempt to conquer Earth.

10. DRAGON BALL Z Kiken na Futari! Super Senshi wa Nemurenai (DRAGON BALL Z Dangerous Duo!! Super Soldiers Never Sleep) released 3/12/94
A quest for the dragon balls uncovers Broli at the bottom of a frozen lake.

11. DRAGON BALL Z Super Senshi Gekiha!! Katsu no wa Ore da (DRAGON BALL Z Super Soldiers Annihilate!! The Winner Will Be Me) released 7/9/94
A greedy man sells Broli's cells to a bio-engineer. The bio-soldier made from Broli's DNA runs amuck.

12. DRAGON BALL Z Fukkatsu no Fusion!! Goku to Vegeta (DRAGON BALL Z Fusion Revival!! Goku and Vegeta) released 3/4/95
An accident in Heaven results in all the past villains being set free from the Underworld as a formidable monster wrecks havoc in the spirit realms.

13. DRAGON BALL Z Ryuken (long u) Bakuhatsu!! Goku ga Yaraneba Dare ga Yaru (DRAGON BALL Z Dragon Fist* Explosion!! If Goku Can't Do It, Who Can?) *This could also be Dragon-ken as in a form of martial art; your choice released 7/15/95
A mysterious alien warrior is haunted by the horrible creature which destroyed his people.

DRAGON BALL Saikyo (long o) e no Michi (DRAGON BALL The Road to the Strongest) released 3/2/96 A remake of the beginning of DRAGON BALL with the Red Ribbon Army as the villains.

 

SIDEBARS

BY ANY OTHER NAME
Anyone who's been an anime fan long enough has probably experienced a debate or two when some new fan innocently asks, "What is the right way to spell ‘(insert name here)'?" It's an understandable question; every other web site, piece of merchandise and book seems to spell characters' names differently. While fans often have strong opinions on such matters, the simple fact is there's seldom one ‘right' way. This is to be expected, especially when dealing with two languages which are so different.

Japanese is a syllabic language which uses three different writing systems: two syllabaries (hiragana and katakana) and ideograms (kanji). This means Japanese people don't think about language the same way we do. Instead of dividing language into individual sounds like ‘a, b, c', Japanese divide language into syllables, like ‘ka, ki, ku'. OK, so why would this make transcribing Japanese into English a problem? There are many reasons, the biggest being there are several different ‘official' methods of transcribing Japanese. Also, like all languages, Japanese does not always sound like it is spelled, especially when it comes to vowels. This creates the dilemma of choosing between written and spoken Japanese when you transcribe into English. Many translators choose to attempt to portray spoken Japanese. Because there are many different ways to try to represent the same sound in English, -Vicky, Vickie, and Viki, for example- it's not surprising that there are many different ways to represent Japanese words in English, too.

The dilemma of choosing between written and spoken is doubled when a name is written in katakana. Why? Katakana is used primarily for foreign words, so when you see a name in katakana, it may well have an English counterpart. Though there are few sounds in the Japanese language which do not exist in English, there are plenty of sounds in English and other languages which do not exist in Japanese! This means that it is very difficult to represent some foreign sounds in written Japanese. Take for example Kaio(long o)-sama's monkey pal, Bubbles (named after one of Michael Jackson's pet simians). In Japanese, his name is written ‘ba-bu-ru- su'. When you take into consideration that the name might be a foreign word because it's written in katakana, you have a much better chance of figuring out what the word is supposed to be. Though Bubbles is only two syllables in English, it has four syllables in Japanese because, with the exception of ‘n', all consonants in written Japanese must be followed by a vowel. The vowel ‘u' is used most often in these situations because in spoken Japanese ‘u' is silent more often than any other vowel. So each of the four consonants in Bubbles has a separate syllable in Japanese, and the extra syllables end with ‘u'. How do you explain Chi-Chi, Tenshinhan and Tsuru-sen'nin? Although we write them with two letters in English, ‘ch', ‘sh', and ‘ts' are actually single consonants!

One more complication for translators and editors is deciding how to transcribe Japanese which represents words in a third language. Since various parts of DRAGON BALL are based loosely on the Chinese legends of the original Son Goku, it's not surprising to find lots of Chinese names in the series. So translators must not only choose how to transcribe these names into English, but they must also decide if they want to use the Chinese or Japanese versions of them.

With all these different aspects of language to take into consideration, is it any wonder there are so many different spellings for characters' names out there? Add to this the often questionable English found on merchandise, and you have a wide variety of spellings to choose from. Various professional, licenced sources have spelled Goku's best friend's name as Kuririn, Krillin, Klilyn, Crilin, etc. Which one is right? After all this, I'd hope you'd appreciate there is no single ‘right' spelling, unless you plan to write in Japanese, not English!

MERCHANDISE MANIA
As might be expected from a series which ran for ten years, DRAGON BALL has always been something of a merchandising cash cow. There's a lot more than the 42 collected comics and 17 movies many fans are familiar with. Thousands of trading cards, dozens of books and posters, and more than 50 music CDs have been made in Japan alone. The 27 DRAGON BALLvideo games surpassed sales of 10,000,000 copies in 1996, and the merchandise doesn't end there. DRAGON BALL products range from bubble gum to baseball caps, erasers to eye drops. Anything a kid might want or need, Goku's face has probably been plastered on it. Were we to list just the merchandise from Japan, it would probably fill this whole article and then some. Besides the scads of toys, games and snacks, some of the more interesting items out there include trampolines, desks, cameras, globes, inner tubes, and talking alarm clocks.

This mania for merchandise is not limited to Japan. As more countries encounter this universally popular series, more products will be made. While searching for the action figure of a favorite character, some of you have probably come across toys from Canada or Taiwan. Note pads from the Philippines and stickers from Indonesia are among the many imported items you can sometimes find in little shops across the country. Classically American, DRAGON BALL T- shirts can now be found in nearly every department store in the US. We even have stuff people in Japan never had a chance to buy: videos of the TV shows. As the market in Japan shrinks (DRAGON BALL GT ended nearly three years ago) and the global appetite for DRAGON BALLmerchandise grows, more products from more countries will become available. This may be maddening for collectors, but to the casual buyer it means a better, more diverse selection of products to choose from. So show your support for DRAGON BALL and go buy something; the world is waiting!

MYSTERY MAN
(To go with a really cool picture of Trunks in his first outfit -the one with the jeans jacket and the sword!)
You've probably seen action figures and T-shirts of this guy at some point. So who is this well dressed young man? Some of you may already know, but we're not allowed to tell you. We cansay he's one of the most popular characters in all of DRAGON BALL. He's cool. He's powerful. He's very polite, and he uses a sword. Once he comes into the story, all of DRAGON BALL will change. When you do find out who he is and where he's from, you won't believe it!

PUNNY NAMES
Although he is perhaps known best as a master of action, DRAGON BALL creator Akira Toriyama is a self-proclaimed humor manga artist at heart. So it comes as small surprise that many of the names in DRAGON BALL are puns. For example, all of Piccolo Daimao's (long o) henchmen are named for musical instruments and the Ginyu Force are all named for dairy products. Since the story is loosely based on the Chinese collection of legends, The Journey to the West, there are also a lot of names based on Chinese mythology, too.

Puns:

Bulma
Dr. Briefs
Oolong
Yamcha
Pu'ar
Tenshinhan
Chaozu
Kinto'un
Gohan
Saiyan
Raditz
Vegeta
Nappa
Kakkarot
Namek
Dende
Cargo
Nail

buruma (bloomers) are tight gym shorts worn by Japanese school girls
a kind of mens underwear
a common type of Chinese tea
yamucha is another word for dim sum (Chinese appetizers)
pu erh is a special kind of Chinese tea which is formed into bricks
tenshin are Chinese desserts
another reading for his name is gyoza, or pot stickers
kinton is boiled, mashed yellow sweet potatoes with chestnuts (yum!)
boiled rice or a meal
rearrange the syllables to make the word yasai, meaning vegetables
radish
vegetable
a general term for greens and a type of cabbage
an interesting mutation of the word carrot
add ‘ji' and you have namekuji, meaning slug
add an ‘n' and you have denden; denden-mushi is snail in Japanese
add an ‘es' and you have escargot, the French word for edible snails
add an ‘s' and you have snail
.
Chinese Myths:
Son Goku
Nyoi-bo (last o long)

Gyu-Mao (long u, long o)
Lord Enma
the Monkey King of The Journey to the West and other Asian legends
the Monkey King's weapon: the length of iron which pounded the Milky Way flat
one of Goku's many opponents in The Journey to the West
the King of the Under world who sits in judge ment of all souls

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