Elm Trees of Alabama
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Winged Elm (images)

Ulmus alata Michx.

More links

Other Common Names Cork elm, Witch elm, Water elm, Southern elm
Benefits to wildlife Food: The mast from winged elm is eaten by birds and animals, and the twigs and leaves are important for white-tailed deer. Both twigs and leaves are most succulent, nutritious, and digestible during spring and are less useful as food the rest of the year.
Habitat:
Other Links Fact Sheet with photos
USDA Forest Service
Auburn Univ. data with photos
UF Horticulture Department Fact Sheet (pdf)
American Elm (pics)

Ulmus americana L.
Other Common Names White elm, Gray elm
Benefits to wildlife Food: The seeds are eaten by a number of small birds. The flowerbud, flower, and fruit are eaten by mice, squirrels, oppossum, ruffed grouse, northern bobwhite, and Hungarian partridge.
Habitat:
Other Links Univ. Conn. Plant Database
USDA Forest Service
Fact Sheet with photos
FEIS Database
Slippery Elm (images)

Ulmus rubra Muhl.
Other Common Names Red elm, Gray elm, Soft elm, Moose elm
Benefits to wildlife Food: The seeds are eaten by birds and small animals. Deer and rabbits browse the twigs.
Habitat:
Other Links Medicinal use and how to grow
Fact Sheet with photos
FEIS Database
USDA Forest Service
September Elm (images)
Ulmus serotina Sarg.
Other Common Names Red elm
Benefits to wildlife Food: The seeds of September and other elms are eaten by a variety of birds and small mammals, including squirrels. Twigs and buds are sometimes browsed by deer, and a few game birds eat the buds.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
Short Description
Oklahoma Description
North American Tree Guide description