Hickory Trees of Alabama
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Water Hickory (Images)
Bark and Nuts

Carya aquatica
Other Common Names Swamp hickory, Bitter pecan, Pignut hickory
Benefits to wildlife Food: The nuts are eaten by many birds. Wood ducks, squirrels, and other small mammals eat the nuts.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
Fact Sheet from the National PLANTS database
Description with images
Bitternut Hickory (Images)
Carya cordiformis
Other Common Names Swamp hickory, Pig hickory, Pignut, Bitter pecan tree, Bitter pignut, White hickory, Red-heart hickory, Yellowbud hickory
Benefits to wildlife Food: As with all hickory nuts, they are an important source of food for squirrels and other wildlife. However, since the nuts are bitter, they are generally not a first choice for squirrels. Beavers, rabbits and small rodents may sometimes eat the tree bark.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
Description and distribution in Oklahoma
Fact sheet with images
Ohio Division of Forestry description
FEIS Database
Pignut Hickory (pics)
Carya glabra
Other Common Names Bitternut, Black hickory, Brown hickory, Red hickory
Benefits to wildlife Food: The nuts are eaten by squirrels. Nuts and flowers are eaten by wild turkeys and birds.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
FEIS Database
Fact Sheet with images
Short description with images
Shellbark Hickory (images)
Carya laciniosa

Search for Carya laciniosa on Dogpile
Other Common Names Bigleaf shagbark hickory, Big shellbark, Kingnut
Benefits to wildlife Food: The nuts are largely eaten by squirrels and chipmunks and to a lesser degree by black bears, gray and red foxes, rabbits, and white-footed mice plus bird species such as mallards, wood ducks, bobwhites, and wild turkey.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
Physical description
OPLIN Description
Fact sheet with images
Buy this tree at NADF
Nutmeg Hickory (pics)

Carya myristicaeformis

The Nutmeg Hickory is on the NC threatened plants list.
Other Common Names Bitter water hickory, Swamp hickory, Pecan
Benefits to wildlife Food: Squirrels and other small rodents eat the nuts.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
Description at GardenBed.com
Shagbark Hickory (images)
Carya ovata
Other Common Names Carolina hickory, Scalybark hickory, Shellbark hickory
Benefits to wildlife Food: The nuts are largely eaten by squirrels and chipmunks and to a lesser degree by black bears, gray and red foxes, rabbits, and white-footed mice plus bird species such as mallards, wood ducks, bobwhites, and wild turkey.
Habitat:
Other Links USDA Forest Service
FEIS Database
Fact sheet with images
Mockernut Hickory (images)
Carya tomentosa
Other Common Names Whiteheart hickory, Bullnut, White hickory, Hognut
Benefits to wildlife Food: The nuts are largely eaten by squirrels and chipmunks and to a lesser degree by black bears, gray and red foxes, rabbits, and white-footed mice plus bird species such as mallards, wood ducks, quail, and wild turkey. Deer sometimes browse the leaves, twigs and nuts.
Habitat:
Other Links FEIS Database
USDA Forest Service
Texas A&M Univ. Description
NC State Univ. Description
Virginia Tech. Fact Sheet